Secretary of Municipal Public Security of Tijuana, B.C
Mexico has lived through important challenges on maintaining the public security since the last decades of our time. The threats and violent actions of organized crime has oppressed and taken away the rights of individuals and forced people to live in fear. When Tijuana, Baja California was in a time of high violence and crime during 2006 and 2010, the police revealed its innumerous weakness among the corporation, and it showed the necessity to transform all of its levels and structures. However, since the geographic extension of crisis in Tijuana is a matter of national security, federal help had to come in action. This is the time when change came from the previous President, Felipe Calderon. He ordered commander militaries to transform, internally, the police corporation of Tijuana, and gave Julian Leyzaola the position of Secretary of Municipal Public Security. I believe my thesis holds true that the Secretary of Municipal Public Security made internal change reducing corruption, delinquency, and created public confidence to help the democratization process of Mexico through the armed and military force in Tijuana, Baja California. Tijuana is a municipality of the state of Baja California and plays an important role in the democratization of Mexico. Tijuana is located in one of the most metropolitan areas of the country, and along with San Diego, California they form the greatest transnational metropolitan zone of Mexico. According to Wikipedia, “The 2012 population of the region was 5,271,078, making it the largest bi-national conurbation shared between the United States and Mexico and the third largest in the world” (Wikipedia, 2013). Tijuana borders with San Ysidro, California and together form the most transited border of the country. Thus, it is a vulnerable entrance point for illegal trafficking of drugs, which has been one of Mexico’s greatest issues. The relationship between the United States and Mexico grew closer after NAFTA and caused drug trafficking to become a real problem to both nations. However, the bond between Mexico and U.S became closer as Mexico encountered in a war against drug cartels and Mexico’s independent functionalism was challenged especially in the Municipally of Tijuana. Since former President Fox took office and the PAN came to power, it created an opening opportunity for the U.S to have intervention in Mexico’s domestic issues. Later, the Merida Initiative of Felipe Calderon in 2006 allowed the U.S intervention to become greater. Then, in 2012 when Enrique Peña Nieto came to power, the PRI criticized Felipe Calderon for “giving away” Mexico’s sovereignty. Roderic Camp writes that “on the local level, in various rural municipalities, drug cartels have threatened municipal leaders and police such an extent that they are no longer functioning independently, or they have abandoned their positions all together” (Camp, pp. 16). This is why during the administration of President Felipe Calderon, the war on drugs was enforced and help from the United States took place in many Municipalities throughout the country. Agencies like the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) have played an important role in the war against the Mexican drug cartels. The bi-national relationship then questions the relationship between Mexico and U.S on how far Mexico can go with or without U.S intervention to secure its citizens. According to Daniel Levy and Kathleen Bruhn, “Closeness with the United States has become central to Mexico’s self-interest; in addition Mexico has some incentive to fight drug cartels even without U.S pressure” (Levy and Bruhn, 2006). Thus, Mexico’s sovereignty is an important factor to be secured, but the alliance from both governments to fight against the cartels helps Mexico self-interest of domestic security to its citizens, which could be...
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