Mexican Cession

Topics: United States, Mexico, James K. Polk Pages: 3 (949 words) Published: September 16, 2012
The Mexican Cession of 1848, was part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo which brought about the official end to the Mexican-American War. The treaty was signed on February 2, 1948, at Guadalupe Hidalgo, a city north of Mexico City where the Mexican government officials had fled with the advance of U.S. Forces, into the capital. With the defeat of its army, and the fall of Mexico city, in September 1847, the Mexican government surrendered and entered negotiations to end the war with the United States. (Teaching with … n.d.). The Mexican-American War, was started for basically two reasons. First, the desire of the United States to expand across the North American continent to the Pacific Ocean, otherwise known as Manifest Destiny. The second reason, was the annexation of Texas, which Mexico did not recognize its independence as a nation, and considered it a rogue territory. When the United States, annexed Mexico in 1985, Mexico disputed the territory lines and broke off communication with the United States. (The History Guy.. March 4, 2012). The treaty was negotiated by Nicholas Trist, as President Polk's representative. After two previous unsuccessful attempts to negotiate a treaty with Santa Anna, Trist was called back to Washington D.C. Where Polk believed the negotiations would be carried out with Mexican delegation. Trist negotiated the treaty in Mexico against the president recall. Under the terms of the treaty, Mexico ceded to the United States Upper California and New Mexico territories (Arizona, New Mexico, Wyoming, Nevada, Colorado, and parts of Utah), approximately 525,000 square miles. Mexico also relinquished all claims to Texas and recognized the Rio Grande as the southern border of the United States. The United States paid Mexico $15,000,000 for their consideration of the extension acquired by the boundaries of the United States. America also agreed to take over $3,250,000 in debts Mexico owed to American citizens. The treaty was ratified...
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