Methods, Standards, and Work Design: Introduction

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Methods Engineering
* Entails analyses at two different times during the history of a product * The methods engineer is responsible for designing and developing the various work centers where the product will be produced * That engineer must continually restudy the work centers to find a better way to produce the product and improve its quality Methods Engineering Procedure

* Select the project
* Gather and present the data
* Analyze the data
* Develop the ideal method
* Present and install the method
* Develop a job analysis
* Establish time standards
* Follow up the method
Work Design
* As part of developing or maintaining the new method, the principles of work design must be used to fit the task and workstation ergonomically to the human operator. Standards
* Standards are the end result of time study or work measurement. * This technique establishes a time standard allowed to perform a given task, based on the measurements of work content of the prescribed method, with due consideration for fatigue and for personal and unavoidable delays. Techniques used by time analysts

* Stopwatch time study
* Computerized data collection,
* standard data,
* predetermined time systems,
* work sampling and
* estimates based on historical data
Exploratory tools
* Pareto analysis
* Fish diagrams
* Gantt chart
* PERT charting
* Job/worksite analysis guide
Pareto Analysis
* Named after Vilfredo Pareto -an Italian economist
* Items identified and ordered on common scale in decreasing frequency, creating a cumulative distribution Fish-bone Diagrams
* Cause-and-effect diagrams
* Identified problem or undesirable result is the “head” * Contributing factors are the “bones”
* Typical categories include: Human, machine, methods, materials, environment, and administrative *...
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