ESSAY 2 – EXAM PREP:
EVALUATE – make an appraisal (judge the nature or value) of the argument. Give both advantages and limitations and a personal judgement – do not use ‘I’. Focus on the methods and strategies of Hitler after he came into power in 1933. Knowledge of Hitler and his party aims is also essential. METHODS/STRATEGIES:
* After Hindenburg died in 1934, Hitler became president and abolished the title of Reich President. He wished to be known as the Fuhrer – an all-embracing, total authority. Hitler had clear ideas about the leader principle who would replace the democratic system with an authoritarian state. * Creating the Hitler Myth: after they came to power there was a deliberate effort to promote the Fuhrer as the heroic leader of the German people. The creation of the Hitler myth (how the Germans viewed Hitler) was the work of the Nazis and especially Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels. A particular image of Hitler was expanded to influence a great majority of Germans. In controlled mass media images of the Fuhrer were projected. The image of the leader was of a true national leader. Hitler was projected as a leader who was reasonable and moderate – themes highlighted – strength and authority and Hitler’s way of dealing with enemies e.g. Communists. Goebbels used propaganda to create a bond between Hitler and the people. * The political ability of Hitler: Hitler understood the psychology of the masses. As an orator and public speaker, Hitler had the power to control and convince his audience. He had a good grasp of history and military strategy and impressed those who met him. Had a good memory and ability to understand technical facts easily. Skilful and had qualities of persistence and patience and a rare ability to perceive his political opponents. * Controlling Social Life: when they came to power in 1933 they sought to not only control by reshape the state according to its ideology. * Nazis preached the concept of the...
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