THE PRINCIPLES AND TECHNIQUES OF INSTRUCTION
The effectiveness and efficiency of training and instruction will largely depend on the ability of the instructor to teach. All Instructors must expect to have to instruct because soldiering and instructing go hand in hand. They must therefore, know thoroughly, not only their military and professional subjects, skills, techniques but also how to instruct.
The qualities of a good instructor are :CONFIDENCE In his own ability to instruct by having a thorough knowledge of his subject and how to teach it by being an expert performer in any required skill. LEADERSHIP He must have a good man management and know when to encourage and when to drive. He must be approachable and understand the meaning of discipline. Instruction will suffer if familiarity is allowed to creep in. ENTHUSIASM The instructor must picture himself as a salesman earning his pay on commission and MUST sell his subject. MANNER This is largely an individual matter but enthusiasm and confidence will play an important part. He must watch his personal bearing and turnout because a slovenly instructor will produce slovenly instruction.
PRINCIPLES AND TECHNIQUES.
The key to successful instruction is the imaginative and common-sense application on three principles and two techniques the following pages will explain in detail each of the following :THE PRINCIPLES OF INSTRUCTION. Preparation and planning. Promotion and maintenance of the desire to learn. Confirmation that instruction has been assimilated. TECHNIQUES OF INSTRUCTION. Question Technique. The selection and use of instructional aids. These principles and techniques are not to be treated separately or in isolation they are closely inter-related and need to be applied in combination according to circumstances.
PREPARATION AND PLANNING.
All instruction and training requires thorough preparation, step by step, taking into account all the relevant factors. Careful and systematic planning must follow so that it is presented and performed logically and progressively in the best possible way to achieve it's own particular aim. For every period of instruction the instructor requires a clear plan which takes into account the condition of work. This plan will show :a. What he intends to teach. b. How he is going to do it. c. What equipment, apparatus and aids he needs.
PROMOTION AND MAINTENANCE OF THE DESIRE TO LEARN.
Students cannot be forced or made to learn, learning is a voluntary process. Students only learn when they are willing to learn and when they understand the reason/purpose behind the learning. They need to be encouraged, led or stimulated throughout the period of instruction. Instruction must therefore be planned with this in mind. It is largely a matter of purposefully promoting and maintaining interest which, in turn, secures the willing co-operation of the student.
CONFIRMATION THAT INSTRUCTION HAS BEEN ASSIMILATED.
The instructor has a responsibility to ensure that, as far as possible, his instruction is being absorbed and understood. All instruction must, therefore, be designed to be developed in limited stages directed towards the final aim. The plan must include methods of confirming that each stage or phase of instruction has been understood and mastered before moving onto the next.
To teach effectively and to keep his students mentally active/alert. The instructor must know:a. The purpose of questioning in instruction. b. How to put questions to his class. c. How to handle question from his class.
THE SELECTION AND USE OF INSTRUCTIONAL AIDS.
The instructor therefore needs to know :a. How to select the right instructional aid for his particular purpose. b. How to use it to the best advantage.
Every instructor must be constantly aware of the principles and techniques of instruction which must be applied with common sense and...