By comparing the Shan Hai Jing and Bible, I discovered some similarities between the two. But the ancient deities in the Shan Hai Jing are more merciful than the God. What’s more, in Shan Hai Jing, not only the origin of the various branches with different customs of the Chinese nation, also the ancient Chinese mountains and rivers as well as the geographical distribution of animals and plants are in great detail. Shan Hai Jing is more profound than the Bible, more worthy of people to believe in. But the destinies of Bible and Shan Hai Jing are diametrically opposed. The Bible enduring in the West, while Shan Hai Jing in our country (except folklorist) basically nobody cares. The reason caused such an awkward situation, in my view, is rooted in: in history, Shan Hai Jing cannot serve for politics because of its objectives, the feudal rulers failed to use it to restrain people’s mind. But when we look at Western political culture, there has ubiquitous influence of the Bible. So now in the Chinese society, Shan Hai Jing——the witness of national culture must not be given up. Key Words: Shan Hay Jing, Bible, religion, politics, culture Thesis:
In history, Shan Hai Jing cannot serve for politics because of its objectives, the feudal rulers failed to use it to restrain people’s mind. But when we look at Western political culture, there has ubiquitous influence of the Bible. Now in the Chinese society, Shan Hai Jing——the witness of national culture must not be given up. A Brief Introduction to “Shan Hai Jing” and “Bible”
Shan Hai Jing : It is the book in pre-Qin period. Among a wealth of cultural gems of ancient China, “Shan Hai Jing” is an imposing national epic and has always struck many people as being mysterious, weird or fantastical due to its contents — an ancient comprehensive survey of the world. It is a unique and enduring record of a wide range of beliefs held by the ancient Chinese about their world, religion, mythology, geography and so on. Bible: It is the collection of books used by Christians. Christians believe that God speaks to men through His actions and words as they are written down in the Bible. The word "Bible" comes from the Greek word "biblia" which means "little books". The Bible is actually a library of 66 books written by a least 40 different authors over a period of at least 1500 years. The oldest book was written about 1500 B.C. or earlier. The last was written about A.D. 100. Arguments:
1. The different character traits of Eastern and Western gods in similar plots 1.1. The creation of the whole world
Shan Hai Jing: When the space just like an egg with no separation of heaven and earth, Pan Gu was born. After 18,000 years, while this something like eggs split out; Yang, the lighter gas, was floating up into the sky to be heaven; the heavy Yin was sinking and condensesing to be earth. Pan Gu is between the heaven and the earth. After another 18,000 years, the heaven grew to the highest point and the earth fell into the deepest level, as well as Pan Gu grew to the tallest height. From now on, the heaven was 18,000 miles away from the earth. Then Pan Gu sacrificed himself to create the world.① (《绎史》卷----引《五运历年纪》) Bible: Before the initial things, the universe is boundless chaos of darkness, and only God of Hope crossed the meantime. God this is very dissatisfied with the boundless darkness, a gently waved, and said: "Let there be light," and the world will have a light. God said, "light" to "day" and "dark" to "Night." Light strip, and return to the dark. The next day, God said: "the sky filled with stars should be." The third day, God saw all land chaotic heart displeasure, said: "Water should be gathered together, so that dry land show." Therefore, the water will have to be clustering, dry land revealed. God said dry "land", said the local water-as "marine." The fourth day, God said: "To give birth on land...