Mesopotamia and Egypt Comparison Essay

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Known as one of the earliest civilizations, Mesopotamia and Egypt both share set amounts of similarities along with a share of striking distinctions. Environmentally, these two civilizations were formed in similar surroundings, yet their weather patterns show distinctions. Politically, both governments derived from a monarch, yet their laws and punishments distinguished the two’s court systems. Economically, they both shared prosperous success in similar manners. Socially, although the two lands followed a hierarchy, the value of women contrasted. Culturally, they both believed in a higher order of creation; however, their views of them were polar opposites. Intellectually, these two societies developed skilled abilities and creations that changed history forever.

In terms of environment, these two civilizations were formed in similar surroundings. They were both the earliest river-valleys to be charted by anthropologists. Because they were both formed near rivers, it’s no coincidence that the life of both of these places depended mainly on rivers. The Tigris and Euphrates rivers aided in Mesopotamian life, while the river Nile supporting the Nile civilization of Egypt. However, one difference between Mesopotamia and Egypt is the weather patterns of their respected localities. The Nile civilization admired and celebrated at the mineral waters that came in the favorably regular floods that provided lush vegetation and ease for society support, where in contrast, Sumerians had to settle for ruthless and unpredictable floods that lead towards more destruction than aid to their settlement.

Politically, both governments derived from a monarch. Mesopotamia and Egypt had a sole and absolute ruler who rained over their respective territories, usually for life and by heredity. However, the laws these two civilizations lived by with their people were dissimilar. Laws of the Nile were based on “common sense view” of right and wrong that emphasized reaching...
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