Mesopotamia and Answer

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 | Which of the following terms best describes the peoples of the Paleolithic period?| | | | | Selected Answer:| Hunter-gatherers|
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 | Which of the following practices does not date back to the Paleolithic period?| | | | | Selected Answer:| Establishment of permanent homes|
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 | Which activity predominated in the lives of Paleolithic peoples?| | | | | Selected Answer:| Searching for food|
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 | Which of the following is not revealed or suggested by burial practices?| | | | | Selected Answer:| Differences in leisure activities|
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 | What environmental change is believed to have led to a radical change in the nomadic Paleolithic way of life?| | | | | Selected Answer:| The climate in certain Near East regions became milder and wetter, resulting in increased fertility of the land.|

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 | The domestication of plants and animals enabled or resulted in all of the following except| | | | | Selected Answer:| belief in an afterlife.|
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 | Which of the following was not a result of the invention and spread of agriculture during the Neolithic period?| | | | | Selected Answer:| Greater equality between genders|
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 | Which of the following applies to the Neolithic but not to the Paleolithic period?| | | | | Selected Answer:| Labor was usually divided along gender lines.| | |
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 | The Sumerians offered all of the following items for trade except| | | | | Selected Answer:| gems.|
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 | In general, the ancient Sumerians viewed slavery as| | | | | Selected Answer:| a fact of life that could happen to almost anyone under certain circumstances.|
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 | Early Mesopotamian city-state governments are categorized as| | | | | Selected Answer:| monarchies.|
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 | The Epic of Gilgamesh is an ancient Mesopotamian poem that tells the story of| | | | | Selected Answer:| the powerful king of Uruk who unsuccessfully tries to find immortality.|
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 | What primary purpose did the Mesopotamian ziggurats serve?| | | | | Selected Answer:| These towering temples were built ten stories high so that Mesopotamians could honor their gods.|

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 | What was the Sumerians' purpose in inventing writing?| | | | | Selected Answer:| The Sumerians invented writing to keep track of taxes, agricultural yields, and business transactions.|

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 | The Babylonians created some of the earliest written laws, the most famous being the code of Hammurabi (r. c. 1792–1750 B.C.E), which was written primarily in response to| | | | | Selected Answer:| an increase in private commerce and property ownership.|

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 | Which Mesopotamian inventions most influenced later mathematical and astronomical developments?| | | | | Selected Answer:| Algebra, astronomical charts, and the mathematical place-value notation system|

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 | The first civilizations in the ancient Near East emerged in| | | | | Selected Answer:| Mesopotamia (c. 4000–3000 B.C.E.), Egypt (c. 3100–3000 B.C.E.), and Anatolia (c. 2000 B.C.E.).|

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 | How did Egypt benefit from its geographic location?| | | | | Selected Answer:| Egypt's Nile River flooded annually, depositing a rich layer of topsoil ideal for growing, and her wide swaths of desert to the east and west protected her against outside invasion.|

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 | The Hyksos invasion of Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period changed Egypt's relationship with the rest of the ancient world by| | | | | Selected Answer:| convincing New Kingdom pharaohs that their future safety depended on learning about...
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