Mercury Effect on Seed Germination

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MERCURY EFFECT ON GERMINATION AND GROWTH OF
Capsicum annuum SEEDS

NURSHAHIDA BINTI OSMAN

BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (Hons.)
TECHNOLOGY AND PLANTATION MANAGEMENT
FACULTY OF PLANTATION AND AGROTECHNOLOGY
UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA

JULY 2012

MERCURY EFFECT ON GERMINATION AND GROWTH OF
Capsicum annuum SEEDS

NURSHAHIDA BINTI OSMAN

Final Year Project Report Submitted In
Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the
Degree of Bachelor of Science (Hons.) Technology and Plantation Management In the Faculty of Plantation and Agrotechnology
Universiti Teknologi MARA

JULY 2012

DECLARATION
This Final Year Project is a partial fulfilment of the requirements for a degree of Bachelor of Science (Hons.) Technology and Plantation Management, Faculty of Plantation and Agrotechnology, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

It is entirely my own work and has not been submitted to any other University or higher education institution, or for any other academic award in this University. Where use has been made of the work of other people it has been fully acknowledged and fully referenced.

I hereby assign all and every rights in the copyright to this Work to the Universiti Teknologi MARA (“UiTM”), which henceforth shall be the owner of copyright in this Work and that, any reproduction or use in any form or by any means whatsoever is prohibited without a written consent of UiTM.

Candidate’s signature: .............................................

Date: ....................................

NURSHAHIDA BINTI OSMAN
Name: ......................................................................

I hereby declare that I have checked this project and in my opinion, this project is adequate in terms of scope and quality for the award of the degree of Bachelor of Science (Hons.) Technology and Plantation Management, Faculty of Plantation and Agrotechnology, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

Signature: ……………………………..................... DR. TSAN FUI YING
Name of Supervisor: …………………………........
SENIOR LECTURER
Position: …………………………............................ Date: …………………………..................................

ii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
Alhamdulliah and praise be to Allah for the guidance and blessing, I was able to complete this final year project.
First of all, I would like to express my gratitude to my supervisor, Dr Tsan Fui Ying, for her guidance, advice, encouragement, good criticisms and also for he r patience in guiding me throughout final year project.

My special thanks from the bottom of my heart go to my parent s and my siblings for their understanding and support during my study in UiTM.
Lastly, I would also like to express my special thanks to all my friends who were directly or indirectly involved in giving their ideas, advice, criticism, and moral support throughout the project. Thank you very much.

NURSHAHIDA BINTI OSMAN

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
ii
iii
iv
v
vi
vii
viii
ix

DECLARATION
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
LIST OF FIGURES
LIST OF TABLES
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
ABSTRACT
ABSTRAK
CHAPTER
1
INTRODUCTION
1.1
Background Of Capsicum annuum
1.2
Value Of Capsicum annuum
1.3
Background of the heavy metal
1.4
Seed germination and growth
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8

Problem Statement
Objective Of Study
Significance Of Study
Scope Of Study

1
2
4
4
5
6
6
6

2

LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1
Source of heavy metal
2.2
Inhibition of seed germination
Environmental effect
2.3

7
9
12

3

MATERIAL AND METHOD
3.1
Location of study
3.2
Test Material
3.3
Experimental Procedure
3.4
Data collection
3.5
Experimental design
3.6
Statistical analysis
3.7
Work schedule

14
14
14
15
15
15
15

4

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

17

5

CONCLUSION

20
21
24
34

CITED REFERENCES
APPENDICES
CURRICULUM VITAE

iv

LIST OF FIGURES
Figure

Caption

Page

4.1

Germination of C. annuum seeds after treatment with HgCl2

17

4.2

Seed...
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