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1. Colonial expansion into the Pacific Ocean was the logical extension of Manifest Destiny. • The United States Acquisition of Guam, and the Philippines • The United States Secretary of State, John Hay, issued the Open Door Note with China • The United States annexed Hawaii

• They acquired the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and other Pacific islands.

2.  Two of the primary goals of foreign policy at the turn of the century were to locate new markets for our surplus products and to gain access to raw materials and labor. • Americans feared that they would soon produce more than they could ever consume and would need new trading markets such as dependent nations • New natural materials that the nation did not have such as rubber and petroleum would need to be acquired through trade • The Panama Canal was funded and built by the United States to increase the rate of trade • America went into the Spanish-American war to protect and guarantee their success in trade with islands controlled by Spain • America created the “Open Door” policy to create a level trading plain with all other nations and China, which had an abundance of natural resources

3. Although many American people supported United States imperialist ideology, a vocal and substantial minority of Americans belonging to every socioeconomic group opposed such policies. • President Cleveland

• William Jennings Bryan and the Democrats
• The Gentleman’s Agreement
• Japanese Laborers in California
• Anti-Imperialist leagues

4. Racist beliefs fueled many of the imperialist policies applied to Cuba and the Philippines. In the face of new foreign policies that enabled Americans to become an overseas colonial and commercial power in the Caribbean, in Latin America, in the Pacific Islands, and in Asia, not all Americans agreed with imperialism, and many were quite vocal in their opposition. • The White Man’s Burden

• Radical Republicans...
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