Menthol

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Menthol and Demographics

FDA Tobacco Products Scientific Advisory Committee March 30, 2010 The findings and conclusions in this presentation are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The responsibility for all of the presented material rests exclusively with the author.

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Presentation Outline
Major publications and data source for menthol use Aggregated data on menthol cigarette use in the United States – Race/Ethnicity, Age, Gender Trends in Menthol Cigarette Use – Age, Gender, Age by Race/Ethnicity, Gender by Race/Ethnicity, Income Summary Data Limitations

Relevant Publications
Epidemiology of Menthol Cigarette Use Giovino et al., 2004. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, Volume 6 (Supplement 1):S67-81 Use of Menthol Cigarettes, 2009 Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies, (November 19, 2009). The NSDUH Report: Use of Menthol Cigarettes. Rockville, MD

National Survey on Drug Use & Health
Nationally representative Household survey, civilian non-institutionalized population Population age 12 years and older Sample size: ~68,000 per year High response rate

Question Used To Assess Smoking Menthol Cigarettes in this Presentation (NSDUH 2004 – 2008)

“Were the cigarettes you smoked during the past 30 days menthol?” 1 = Yes............................................... 4957 8.97

1 = Yes 2 = No 91 = NEVER USED CIGARETTES 93 = DID NOT USE CIGARETTES IN THE PAST 30 DAYS 94 = DON'T KNOW 97 = REFUSED 98 = BLANK (NO ANSWER)

Number of Menthol Smokers in the U.S.
Among smokers aged 12 – 17 years, 1.1 million menthol smokers Among smokers aged 18 years or older, 18.1 million menthol smokers A total of 19.2 million menthol cigarette smokers

African American Smokers More Likely to Smoke Menthol Cigarettes Than Other Racial/Ethnic Groups

Percent Menthol Cigarette Use among Past Month Cigarette Smokers Aged 12 – 17 Years, by Race/Ethnicity: 2004-2008 100 90 80 70 Percent 60 50 40 30 20 10 0
African Multi-racial American Asian Hispanic Native White American Indian/ Hawaiian/ Alaska Other Native Pacific Islander OVERALL

71.9 * 52.3 51.5

47 41.4 41.0 34.7

44.8

National Surveys on Drug Use & Health, 2004-2008

*Statistically significant

Percent Menthol Cigarette Use among Past Month Cigarette Smokers Aged ≥18 Years, by Race/Ethnicity: 2004-2008 100 90 80 70 Percent 60 50 40 30 20 10 0
African American Native Multi- Hispanic Hawaiian/ racial Pacific Islander Asian American White Indian/Alaska Native OVERALL

82.7 *

55.4

35.2

31.8

30.7 23.9 23.3

31.6

National Surveys on Drug Use & Health, 2004-2008

*Statistically significant

Among Smokers of Menthol Cigarettes, Whites Compose Majority of Menthol Cigarette Smokers

Percent of Menthol Cigarette Use and non-Menthol Cigarette Use among Past Month Cigarette Smokers Aged ≥18 Years, by Race/Ethnicity: 2004-2008

Menthol
Multi-race (1.6%) Asian (2.2%) NHPI (0.6%) AIAN (.06%) Hispanic 11.6%

Non-Menthol
Hispanic 12%

Multi-race (1.3%) Asian (2.3%) Hispanic NHPI (0.2%) 11.5% AIAN (.08%) African American 2.9%

African American 30.3%

White 53.2%

White 80.9%

Source: National Survey on Drug Use & Health, 2004-2008, combined

Percent of Menthol Cigarette Use non-Menthol Cigarette Use among Past Month Cigarette Smokers Aged 12 – 17 Years, by Race/Ethnicity: 2004-2008

Menthol
Multi-race (2.3%) Asian (1.8%) NHPI (0.2%) AIAN (.08%) Hispanic 13.8%

Non-Menthol
Hispanic 13% Multi-race (1.7%) Asian (1.4%) NHPI (0.2%) Hispanic AIAN (1.3%) 12.6% African American 4.5%

African American 14.2%

White 66.7%

White 78.2%

Source: National Survey on Drug Use & Health, 2004-2008, combined

Adolescent Smokers More Likely to Smoke Menthol Cigarettes Than Adult Smokers

Percent of Menthol Cigarette Use among Past Month Cigarette Smokers Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group:...
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