June 3, 2012
ADHD, or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, is characterized by prominent symptoms of inattention and/or hyperactivity and impulsivity (Zelman, Tompary, Raymond, Holdaway, and Mulvihill,2010). ADHD mainly affects the male species and endures into adolescence and adulthood. There is no known cause for ADHD, but studies show evidence of genetic susceptibility. There are molecular studies, as well, that shows that genes play a role in this disorder. Not knowing that a child has this disease causes people to label these children as spoiled or troublemakers, and adults as lazy or dumb (Health.com, 2010). In order to diagnose ADHD, a doctor must make a decision from the self-reported symptoms and medical history information that the patient or the patient’s guardian has provided. People that have been diagnosed with ADHD have a hard time staying focused. Since this disease is not diagnosed by x-rays or blood tests, many people do not believe that ADHD is not a real disorder.
The myths that are behind ADHD are it is not a medical condition, is caused by bad parenting and the child just needs good discipline, this disorder is a life sentence, people with this disorder is lazy or dumb, the medication for this disorder makes people feel drugged, psycho stimulants are not useful after puberty, children outgrow this disorder, and children are using this disorder as an excuse for their behavior. The treatments that were used in the past were stimulant medications like Adderall and Ritalin.
The signs of ADHD are having at least six attention symptoms or six hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms with some symptoms present before the age of seven. The patient must have had these symptoms for at least six months and are seen in two or more settings and are not caused by other problems. These symptoms must be severe to the point that they cause difficulties at home, school,...