BODY OF ESSAY1
This assignment is aiming to develop an essay analysing the reason of increasing waiting time in mental health hospitals and causative reasons behind this increase in waiting period. This essay will reflecting on various factors which collectively develop mental health services like psychiatrist, mental health nurses, mental asylums, funding, new management approaches, availability of rooms etc. This is a secondary research assignment which will be relying on various literature sources to assess the current situation (Rana & Upton, 2009). BODY OF ESSAY
Mental health is defined as a state of complete emotional, psychological and social wellbeing. It describes the state of absence of any mental disorder. Mental health of a person decides his behaviour, his thoughts as well his way to cope up with life. Mental health is very significant in all the stages of life whether it is childhood, adulthood or old age. It decides the way the person will deal with stress and problems of life and how will he indulge in relationships. It also helps an individual to take decisions in life, recognize his abilities work productively and create a balance in all the activities of life. Mental health disorders in today’s world are growing at a rapid pace and Bendigo is no untouched place from this trend. In Bendigo city (Victoria) Bendigo health is the organization which takes care of the psychiatric services to the citizens of area. Services offered by Bendigo health are both in patient as well as community services to improve mental health status in patient. According to latest figures issued by Bendigo health organization number of patients visiting hospital for mental health disorders are increasing on a year on year basis and there is a concern that in future this number will rise to a peak where it would be unmanageable with current resources. In last couple of decades department of health and ageing in Australia also broadened its definition of mental health disorders and included many new horizons in it (Staunton & Chiarella, 2008). “Mental health disorder is an anomaly in a person’s psychological behaviour. There are many diseases which are considered as mental disorders also termed as mental illness. These may include common diseases like anger, anxiety, depression, drug dependence, insomnia, alcoholism, panic disorders etc or less common mental diseases like schizophrenia, delusional disorders, Tourette’s syndrome, kleptomania, etc.” (Samartzi, 2011).
This is one of the reasons why mental health patients are rapidly increasing in all regions of world including Bendigo is increasing because many diseases which were earlier not considered are now included and treated as a mental disorder. These disorders can be caused by various diverse reasons. They may be caused due to genetic or developmental defect, trauma during pregnancy or injury at the time of delivery, maternal psychological stress, etc. Sometimes even few infections caused by some viruses or parasites may also lead to development of mental illness for example Schizophrenia is being related with the infection of a parasite Toxoplasma gondii. There are many evidences which suggest that mental disorders can be closely related to negative events of person’s life such as ill treatment in childhood, physical or sexual abuse, etc (Groleau, et al. 2007). WHO ICPE data from year 2008 suggests that out of every 3 person 1 is suffering from or suffered a mental disorder at some point of time in his or her life. For example in US data of department of health services show that a US adult experience an average of 3.4 mentally unhealthy day in a period of 30 days(HRQOL DATA). 4 main mental disorders prevalent are anxiety, mood disorder, impulse control, and substance abuse. Out of these 4 most common disorder is Anxiety followed by mood disorder (depression and bipolar disorder)....