Mental Health and Psychiatry – Assignment Number One (Depression)
Question 1.1: Analyse why men are more likely to describe the physical symptoms of depression, rather than the emotional ones, when seeking treatment.
Men are much more likely to describe the physical symptoms than the emotional ones because they always feel like they have to be in control and macho; they like to feel in control of their families. Men are much less likely to acknowledge that there is actually a problem. Instead of seeking medical treatment with a doctor or specialist men are much more likely to seek refuge in drink or drugs.
Men tend to feel irritable and angry instead of hopeless and helpless, therefore, doctors are less likely to diagnose depression. Men often see depression as a ‘women’s disease’, so they tend not to seek treatment for it. Men become angry quite suddenly, they experience an increased loss of control and they start taking unnecessary risks. This can become quite confusing for both the man and his family.
Men are much more competitive and are concerned with power, so they feel silly about admitting that they are fragile or that they may need help. After turning to drink and drugs, their conditions just get worse, especially long term. Men start to focus on their work instead of their families as a coping mechanism. This ultimately causes friction and conflicts between wives and husbands / partners.
Unfortunately, men are much more likely to commit suicide than women. In fact, men are four times more likely to commit suicide than women and this actually increases after men turn 70 years old.
Because men are less likely to seek treatment, their depression goes untreated and tends to last for longer periods of time and can get out of control.
32% of men view depression as a health problem and 60% of men view depression as an emotional weakness. Men are socially conditioned to hide and suppress their feelings, so they tend to express their symptoms of depression through substance abuse, especially with drink and drugs.
Question 1.2: Analyse why women are twice as likely to suffer with depression.
Women are twice as likely to suffer with depression as men due to many different factors. Women are at greater risk of depression than men. Major depression actually affects twice as many women as men. One of the reasons could simply be because women tend to have more challenging life situations.
Some examples include; the effect of the female hormones on brain chemicals can cause depression and depressive situations. Certain female personality characteristics may lead or play a major role in leading to depression. Women who live in poverty become depressed. Also, women are more like to get depression through being victims of abusive relationships.
Another cause of depression in women can result from child birth and pregnancy. According to statistics, 5% - 20% of pregnant women and new mothers experience some form of depression. Some women get boughts of depression connected to their menstrual cycles, this doesn’t affect men of course. Women who suffer with PMS can develop many different levels of depression.
Depression in women has also been linked with both biological and social factors in society. Depression occurs most often in women between the ages of 25 and 44 years of age. Certain social factors; such as; stress from work and family responsibilities also increases the risk of depression occurring.
Women have a longer life expectancy than men, therefore; going through traumas of losing their husbands or partners can also lead to a state of depression.
Women simply let issues affect them easier and more frequent than men; they tend to be seen as less strong and able to cope with difficult and pressurising situations. They are susceptible to heartache and sadness, where as men tend to be stronger and have a strong exterior. Men like to play it cool and play the ‘hard...