Meningitis Notes

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Meningitis

What is Meningitis?
• The __________________ of the meanings
• Meninges: the membranes that cover the ________ and spinal cord

Types of Meningitis
• Bacterial meningitis:
o Life threatening if not treated within 48 hours but is very rare. o There are many small stands of bacterial meningitis. o Most serious is _____________meningitis, causes septicimia. • Viral meningitis: most common and not serious. Mistaken for common _____. • Fungal meningitis: very rare and only usually occurs with those with a dysfunctional immune system.

Causes of Meningitis
• Caused by _____________ and ____________ that infect the body • It is then spread to the menings by the bloodstream through cerebrospinal fluid • Cerebrospinal fluid: fluid that circulates around the spinal cord

Symptoms
• Some major symptoms include: Vomiting, headache, drowsiness, joint pain, stick neck, dislike of light, high temperature, fever, pale skin.

Effects of Meningitis
• Trouble hearing: affect 1 in 10 people. Can be temporary or permanent • Blindness
• Memory loss
• Seizures
• Septicemia (blood poisoning): low blood circulation to the feet, toes, hands, and fingers may occur • Kidney or lung damage
• Arthritis

Incidence
• About _________ cases of meningitis in Americans each year, most is teens and young adults.

Detection
• patient may receive MRI or CT scan
• ____________ Puncture: With bacterial meningitis, fluid is removed from the lower spinal column to test for any signs of bacteria.

Treatment
• patients placed on ______
• Corticosteroids may help reduce inflammation of the meninges.

Prevention
• Receiving the vaccines against Hib, measles, mumps, and polio can protect against meningitis. • It is contagious ands spread via tiny drops in the ________ or throat • Be cautious

Future Outlook
• Meningitis is a disease...
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