Men's Violence Against Women

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ABSTRACT
Aim to examine how degree women are subjected to men’s violence, to see the perception of women about this violence and to determine the differences of women’s perception and men’s act about this issue between three generations (grandmother, mother and child). Method in-debt interview is made with grandmother, mother and child in the same family. The data were gathered by performing face-to-face interviews in participants’ homes. I also benefit from literature, and analyze the researches which are made before.

Result I found a significant relationship among the types of violence and annual income, type of family, education and occupation level of women, education level of perpetrators, norms and cultures of society and childhood experience of emotional abuse or negligence. In the light of this interview, firstly, grandmother who is the first generation sees men’s violence, and especially husbands’ violence is very normal and necessary in some situation in order to order women, because he is the breadwinner and the one who has higher status in society and who is more powerful than women. When we come to the second generation, with the some social, economic, politic changes and activist movements, we see change in this perception. Even there is high rate of men’s violence against women; there is higher resistance and awareness about this issue. Third generation who is feminist activist is actually doesn’t show the majority of society, but I benefit from her knowledge about this issue. She states that occupation and education level of women is significantly relevant with the violence. Women who have economic independence face no or less violence than women who is economically dependent on men.

Conclusion my study found differences between three generations about perception and act of men’s violence against women and also found many causes for that violence. I realized that as an important public health problem, domestic violence requires a multidisciplinary approach to understand its causes and plan preventive measures.

ıntroducıon
According to new statistics out by the provincial police department and prosecutors office, about 26,000 women became the victims of murder, injury, attack and threats during the first six months of 2011. Moreover, in the report prepared by Directorate of Security in Marmara region by taking into considerations the events occurred in the zone of responsibility of Police during 2010, it is stated that 71% of victims of sexual assault, sexual harassment and intentional homicide are women, 17% of them are children and 12% of them are men. All these statistics and numbers are made me worried about this issue and I decided to work on it. Domestic violence against women is a serious public health concern in every community and culture (1). Domestic violence against women has drawn attention from the medical community because it has a negative and harmful impact on the mental, physical, and social health of women (2-5). World Health Organization (WHO) has defined domestic violence as “the range of sexually, psychologically, and physically coercive acts used against adult and adolescent women by current or former male intimate partners” (6,7). It is often difficult to conduct research on violence against women, since most women are reluctant to disclose information they consider confidential and intimate. They often feel shame, fear, guilt, and do not want to be disloyal to their partners (8). Violence cannot be attributed to a single cause. According to the ecological model, factors related to violence are covered under four subtitles: 1) biological and personal factors; 2) close relationships, intimate partner; 3) the community context; and 4) the broad societal factors (3,9,10). However, this model only is not sufficient to explain violence and its characteristics.

There is a number of studies highlighting the problem of domestic violence in the developing countries (8,10-13)....
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