Spearman's Model of Intelligence
Charles Spearman was a British psychologist who believed in two types of intelligence. The "g", which stands for general intelligence and the "s", stands for a number of specific abilities. The theory was that if a person excelled on one mental ability test often did well on other tests and if a person tested poorly they tended to do poorly on other tests. Using this theory he developed a technique of statistical analysis that examined examples of individual differences in test scores.
Gardner's multiple Intelligences
Howard Gardner believes in the existence of eight multiple intelligences (added one in 1998). He believes there is more to intelligence than verbal and mathematical abilities calculated by intelligence tests. He believes that intelligence is a set of abilities and skills. This is why people are so different; someone may do extremely well in one situation while having trouble with another. Learning to make the most of your natural abilities can improve intelligence. The eight different intelligences is verbal/linguistic, musical, logical/mathematical, visual/spatial, bodily kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalist. Each multiple intelligences represents a type of person, for example in the verbal/linguistic are found in writers, poets, and lawyers or musical is found in composers, singers, and musicians to name a few.
Although Spearman's Model of Intelligence is unique it lacks common sense. It is not necessarily true that... [continues]
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