The process of building memory involves three components: the senses, short-term memory and long-term memory. Information is received through and briefly held for a few seconds in the senses. This information is quickly lost if it’s not attended to. Attention is a mentally demanding process that chooses between relevant and irrelevant information. Sensory memory is information received by our senses, visual sensory and auditory sensory memories. Short-term or working memory is a mental storage space, which can store five to nine pieces of information at any one time. Long-term memory is the part of the memory system containing large amounts of data.
The working memory can be described as our ‘mental workspace’. We receive information through sensory stimuli; the information is processed in the working memory, and then stored in the long-term memory. The ‘mental workspace’ has a limited capacity, and is used for cognitive tasks such as comprehension, learning and reasoning. In order for students to actively engage in learning connections between prior knowledge...