Memorization Speed in Relation to Writing and Speaking

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MEMORIZATION SPEED CONSISTENCY IN RELATION TO WRITING AND SPEAKING

A Research Presented to
Prof.

In Partial Fulfillment
Of the Requirements for the Subject
PSYC 3095

ABSTRACT
MEMORIZATION SPEED CONSISTENCY IN RELATION TO WRITING AND SPEAKING Memory refers to the processes that are used to acquire, store, retain and later retrieve information, this research aims to know the correlation of writing and speaking relative to speed of recalling the information given. In the experiment the subject of the study was told to recall the alphabet backwards for five trials with thirty seconds interval for each, and was timed in seconds by the experimenter. The experiment was done in two parts, written and oral. The main findings are: the time taken by the subject to write the alphabet backwards is greater than the time taken by the subject to recite it. Also, the time taken by the subject to write and recite the alphabet backwards, in general is inversely proportional to the no. of trials given. However, in the third and fourth trials the time taken by the subject increases, which may be a result of other external factors or a result of forgetting by the subject. To summarize the findings, the memorization speed of the subject is consistent, or as the number of trials increases, the number of time taken by the subject to write and recite the alphabet backwards decreases. We can now conclude that it is faster to memorize or remember information by reciting it orally with repetition than writing it repetitively.

INTRODUCTION
“Memory is the means by which we draw on our past experiences in order to use this information in the present.’ (Sternberg, 1999) The multi store model (Atkinson and Shiffrin 1968) describes memory in terms of information flowing through a system. Information is detected by the sense organs and enters the sensory memory. If attended to this information enters the short term memory. Information from the STM is transferred...
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