Salallahu Alayhi Wasalam (Peace Be Upon Him), an expression used by all Muslims upon hearing or saying the name of their beloved Prophet Muhammad. The expression means May Allah bless him and grant him peace. (Class notes, October 4, 2012) Regardless of my not writing this expression throughout this paper it should be assumed that I as a Muslim and all other Muslims reading, should pay their respects to the greatest prophet of Islam every time his name is mentioned.
Muhammad was born into a respectable monotheistic family of merchants in Makkah but lost both of his parents at a young age. His grandfather and uncle raised him and provided him with somewhat of an education. By the age of 30, he had established himself as a merchant in the Arabian society, where he dealt with peoples of different religions and cultural traditions. It wasn’t until he was 40 years old that he underwent a profound spiritual experience that transformed his life into one of the greatest and most influential religious leaders in history. This spiritual awakening left Muhammad with the convictions that in the entire world there is only one deity, Allah (God), He was the ruler of the universe, that idolatry and the recognition of other gods amounted to wickedness, and that Allah would soon bring his judgment unto this world. (Text, Page 207)
Muhammad underwent a massive change due to the spiritual awakening, from a normal merchant, to a great prophet and messenger of Allah. Prophet Muhammad started experiencing visions, which he understood as messages or revelations from Allah, delivered through the archangel Gabriel, instructing him to spread his faith to the world. Because the Prophet did not know how to read or write, he presented oral recitation of the revelations he received during his visions, and his followers prepared written text of his teachings. The Muslims compiled the magnificent poetry, the written versions of the Prophet’s revelations and issued them as...
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