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Evaluation of a Method to Reduce Over-the-Counter Medication Dosing Error

Marion Grady

3/9/2010



What is the purpose of the article?

The purpose of the article was to find a simple way of dosing over was a reduction in errors in the home dosing.

What are the overall research questions?

Research questions include dose determination and dose measurement percentage. The clinical trial randomly assigned color coded or conventional assignments to care givers.

Does the article include a review of literature? If so, what does it indicate?

Yes, the article includes a review of literature. The Institute of Medicine report November 2000, indicated that new strategies by medical practitioners and researchers are being worked on reducing medication dosing errors in the hospital setting but not the home setting.

What patient population was studied or referred to?

The study took a sample of 101 caregivers of children. The children had no emergent complaints. The care givers were separated into two groups. One group was given a color coded method to measure a Dose of Tylenol for their particular child. The second group was instructed to use conventional way to dose the Tylenol. The caregivers in both groups are to determine the dosage and measure the dose determined.

Identify the methods used in the study.

A) dose determination and measuring. B) The average median and maximum deviation C) percentage of participant under dose and overdosed two times the recommended dose.

Discuss the results or findings of this study.

The results suggested that the color coded, zone dosing may be useful in a home setting as well as the hospital setting. The study showed that conventional dosing methods indicated inaccurate dosing of the OTC medication by the caregivers. The color coded results showed that this method cold improve accuracy in determining and measuring OTC medications. There was significant...
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