Medieval Warfare

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4/2/13
Medieval Weapons Research Paper
During the Middle Ages, many battles and wars ignited an arms race between many medieval kingdoms. Hand to hand combat weapons were the most popular and were always advancing. Ranged weapons were deadly to front line opponents and could later on pierce armor. Siege weapons were the most essential in order to capture a castle or village and were constantly evolving. Medieval Weapons were deadly and dangerous, and were classified into three main groups: Combat weapons, Ranged weapons, and Siege weapons. In Medieval battles, hand to hand combat weapons were deadly, and were common throughout all ranks in an army. During the Middle ages, “Swords and Daggers were the most common weapons in hand-to-hand combat” (“Weapons”). These weapons of death could easily smite an opponent with a few blows. Swords were used as cut-and-thrust weapons, with blades over two feet (“Weapons”). A soldier had to go through extensive training in order to be able to wield a sword. Another deadly combat weapon was the club. Clubs were, “used as a close contact weapon, which could batter a knight’s armor” (Alchin). With pure blunt force, a man could cave-in armor, and could easily injure an opponent. According to Will Fowler, author of “Ancient Weapons”, “Most clubs were made from heavy animal bones or thick wood,” explaining why the club was effective. With metal spikes at the end, a club could be turned into a dangerous mace. The battle axe was another baleful weapon that was only used by higher ranked soldiers. Knights during Medieval battles, “often rode into battle armed with a heavy battle axe. This had a sharp edge and a spike” (Fowler 8). Battle axes were brutal weapons that could give the wielder an immediate advantage against an opponent. Swords, clubs, and battle axes were all examples of how effective hand-to-hand combat was. Another style of warfare was ranged combat, which ranged from bows to cannons. According to Linda Alchin, “Lower...
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