Uses supported by clinical data:
The principal use of Rhizoma Curcumae Longae is for the treatment of acid, flatulent, or atonic dyspepsia.
Uses described in pharmacopoeias and in traditional systems of medicine:
Treatment of peptic ulcers, and pain and inflammation due to rheumatoid arthritis and of amenorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea, diarrhqea, epilepsy, pain, and skin diseases.
Uses described in folk medicine, not supported by experimental or clinical data:
The treatment of asthma, boils, bruises, coughs, dizziness, epilepsy, haemorrhages, insect bites, jaundice, ringworm, urinary calculi, and slow lactation.
Tumeric is a mild aromatic stimulant seldom used in medicine except as a colouring. It was once a cure for jaundice. Its chief use is in the manufacture of curry powders. It is also used as an adulterant of mustard and a substitute for it and forms one of the ingredients of many cattle condiments. Tincture of Turmeric is used as a colouring agent, but the odour is fugitive. It dyes a rich yellow. Turmeric paper is prepared by soaking unglazed white paper in the tincture and then drying. Used as a test for alkaloids and boric acid.
Many Other Uses:
Turmeric (Curcuma longa) Turmeric contains an incredible essential oil and its main constituent, curcumin. It is anti-inflammatory and an antioxidant. It is excellent for cystic fibrosis, even turning off the Cystic Fibrosis gene and aids asthma by opening the chloride channels in the cell membrane which enhances breathing at a cellular level. It is a dual inhibitor of arachidonic acid metabolism and helps with both cholesterol issues and weak detoxification capacity of the liver. It is a standard in our treatment of Alzheimer's Disease.
Documented Properties and Actions:
Anti-inflammatory, Antioxidant, Anti-mutagenic, Anti-cancerous, Cholagogueue, Depurative, Diuretic, Fumitory, Hemostatic, Hepatoprotective, Lactagogue, Stomachic, Tonic, Vulnerary Anti-inflammatory (Chuthaputti and Permpipat 1994)
Antifungal activity (Wuthi-udomlert et al., 2000, Apisariyakul et al., 1995 ) Anti-carcinogenesis (Limtrakul et al., 1997, Limtrakul et al 2001) Antiflatulance: The active principle are essential oils.
Antispasmodic activity: Crude extract of the tuber decreased the constriction of smooth muscle such as uterus stimulated with acetylcholine, barium chloride andserotonin. Antimicrobial activity: Crude extract and essential oil inhibited both bacteria and fungi. Anti-inflammatory activity: Crude, crude extract and isolated curcumenoids exhibited the anti-inflammatory activity in animal models. Hepatoprotective effect: Curcumin has antihepatotoxic activity in vitro and in vivo in animalexperiments. Antioxidant activity: An extract of tuber and curcumenoids exhibited strong antioxidant activity. Antimutagenic activity: Curcumenoids exhibited apoptosis of cancer cells. Mosquito repellant: Essential oil was used for mosquitos repellant.
Application of Curcumin:
Curcumin is known for its antitumor, antioxidant, antiarthritic, anti-amyloid and anti-inflammatory properties. Anti-inflammatory properties may be due to inhibition of eicosanoid biosynthesis.
A phytopolylphenol pigment isolated from the plant Curcuma longa, commonly known as turmeric, with a variety of pharmacologic properties. Curcumin blocks the formation of reactive-oxygen species, possesses anti-inflammatory properties as a result of inhibition of cyclooxygenases (COX) and other enzymes involved in inflammation; and disrupts cell signal transduction by various mechanisms including inhibition of protein kinase C. These effects may play a role in the agent's observed antineoplastic properties, which include inhibition of tumor cell proliferation and suppression of chemically induced carcinogenesis and tumor growth in animal models of cancer.
Curcumin is the principal curcuminoid of the...