A medical transcriptionist works with many different medical specialties. Each specialty is unique, yet each needs assistance from health care workers in other specialties to do their jobs. Eight medical specialties that will be reviewed are: radiology, dermatology, cardiology, obstetrics and gynecology, psychiatry, neurology, ophthalmology, and orthopedics. The eighth specialty, orthopedics, will be reviewed in the most detail. RADIOLOGY
The main purpose of one field of medicine is to assist other specialties. The field of radiology is a medical specialty where imaging is used to identify, diagnose, and treat various problems and diseases within the human body. This area of medicine works with almost all other specialties by way of providing imaging to visualize internal organs and body structures (Radiology). In the field of radiology, radiographers or radiologic technologists will carry out the testing, and then the radiologist will read the imaging and provide a report to the physician who requested the testing. Examples of types of tests performed in this specialty are: x-ray, ultrasound, computed tomography (CT scan), nuclear medicine, positron emission tomography (PET scan), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (Radiology). DERMATOLOGY
The field of dermatology is primarily dedicated to the study and treatment of disorders of the skin, but sometimes will also treat cosmetic issues of the hair, scalp, and nails (Dermatology). A dermatologist may be known to treat disorders and diseases such as acne vulgaris, psoriasis, eczema, alopecia, rosacea, and impetigo, just to name a few (Pitman 120, 123-124). Dermatologists can be either surgical, medical, or both. Some therapies performed by dermatologists include: cryosurgery to remove warts, laser therapy, hair removal with a laser, and allergy testing (Dermatology). Such therapies will produce dictations of procedure notes and operative reports for the transcriptionist to transcribe. CARDIOLOGY
Cardiology is the medical specialty that deals with the human heart. Cardiologists are doctors who treat and diagnose disorders of the heart, while cardiac surgeons primarily perform cardiac surgeries on patients with heart problems. Some other more common disorders of the heart seen in the field of cardiology are myocardial infarction (heart attack), pericardial effusion, cardiomyopathy, and ventricular fibulation. To treat such disorders, a cardiac surgeon would perform surgeries to place stents, pacemakers, or defibrillators. An example would be to restore better heart function and circulation for the patient (Cardiology). OBSTETRICS AND GYNOCOLOGY
The two specialties that deal with the female reproductive organs are Obstetrics and Gynocology. Obstetrics deals primarily with pregnant females, whereas gynecology deals primarily with those non-pregnant patients. Although Obstetrics and Gynocology can be practiced separately, most of the time they are combined into a single specialty known as OB/GYN (Obstetrics and Gynaecology). In Obstetrics and Gynocology, physicians treat patients with numerous problems. Some issues that are addressed in this field are ectopic pregnancy, placenta previa, uterine prolapse, cervical screening, contraception, endometriosis, menopause, and various infections (Obstetrics and Gynecology). Treatments of these issues would result in a variety of transcription reports, such as: history and physicals, discharge summaries, operative reports, and chart notes, for examples. PSYCHIATRY
Psychiatry is the medical specialty that studies and treats disorders of the human mind, which can include behavioral, cognitive, and perceptual abnormalities (Psychiatry). Some examples of such abnormalities are: depression, eating disorders, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, various types of dementia, and anxiety disorders (Pittman 434-438). A psychiatrist is known to perform mental status examinations, neuropathological techniques, and to request...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document