Medical or Surgical Abortion

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Abortion is the intentional termination of pregnancy and has been a highly debated topic for many years. It is surprising to most how common abortions are. “More than one out of three women in the U.S. have an abortion by the time they are 45 years old (Methods of Abortion)”. Abortions can happen naturally, while the embryo is developing, which is more commonly known as a miscarriage, or spontaneous abortion (Methods of Abortion). An induced abortion is when the woman decides she doesn’t want the baby and then has the fetus or embryo removed from her body either surgically or medically (Methods of Abortion).

There are several reasons why women want to end their pregnancy. Teenagers and women get pregnant by accident before they’re ready to take on the responsibilities of being a parent. With that, some women feel like they have had enough children and just don’t want anymore. Pressures from society make some women want an abortion because they don’t want to deal with the judgment that comes from having a child out of wedlock. There are women who feel they don’t have enough money to provide for the child and don’t want to raise the child on their own if they are single. A lot of the time either the women’s health or the health of the baby is in danger and therefore she would be better off aborting the child. Lastly, many women who are victims of rape or incest get abortions.

Many women feel they have the right to choose whether to have a child or not. On the other hand many feel there is only one option and that is to have the child. Some people have a very strong opinion on this subject. So much so that the ones against it picket abortion clinics, there is even a group that has formed call the anti-abortion movement. Both sides have such strong beliefs as to why it should be allowed or why it shouldn’t that it has affected society as a whole. I believe the most important thing to discuss is the techniques used when an abortion takes place. That is where the controversy starts.

There are two ways to terminate a pregnancy, surgically and medically. In a medical abortion a woman can either take the drugs Methotrexate and Misoprostol, or the drugs Mifepristone and Misoprostol (First-Trimester Abortion: A Comparison of Procedures). Methotrexate has been used in the U.S since 1953, the original use was to treat certain forms of cancer (Abortion/Medical Abortion). Researchers discovered other ways the medicine can be used, one of those ways being unwanted pregnancy (Abortion/Medical Abortion). Methotrexate can be taken orally or by injection (Methotrexate and Misoprostol for Abortion). This drug helps prevent further growth of the placenta, which then make it separate from the endometrium (Methotrexate and Misoprostol for Abortion). Misoprostol is inserted vaginally or by mouth five to seven days after the Methotrexate is taken (Methotrexate and Misoprostol for Abortion). This drug contracts the uterus in order to force out the pregnancy (Methotrexate and Misoprostol for Abortion). After the Misoprostol is taken the pregnancy usually ends at home within a day or two (Methotrexate and Misoprostol for Abortion).

Mifepristone was a drug made specifically for the purpose of abortion (Abortion/Medical Abortion). It was first used in France and in China in 1988 (Abortion/Medical Abortion). It has been used by millions of women throughout the world and was legalized in the U.S in the year 2000 (Abortion/Medical Abortion). Mifepristone is taken orally and separates the placenta from the endometrium (Mifepristone and Misoprostol for Abortion). Also it causes the cervix to soften and it increases uterine contractions so the uterine contents can pass (Mifepristone and Misoprostol for Abortion). Within 48 hours of taking the Mifepristone you are to take the Misoprostol (Mifepristone and Misoprostol for Abortion). The Misoprostol induces uterine contractions so your body can pass the uterine content (Mifepristone and...
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