This article provides information on different types of eczema. Atopic eczema
mostly affects children, but it can continue through adult life. It's usually determined by
genetics. After three months symptoms start to appear. A patient who excessively
rubs or scratches the skin, most commonly below the elbow, is said to have lichen simplex
chronicus. Some of the most common everyday allergens are metal, rubber, perfumes,
nail varnish, some plants, and cosmetics. The most common eczema for the elderly is
asteatotic. The skin becomes dry, red, scaly and superficially fissured. If the skin has
suffered sun damage, it is more likely to occur. They recommend to avoid using soap and
restrict bathing. In gravitational eczema the leg is initially swollen, and itchy eczematous
patches may develop, mostly on the lower legs. Continuous scratching can lead to a
secondary infection. They suggest that the patient shouldn't stand for long periods of time,
and also to elevate their feet when lying down. A condition where small blisters develop
that can itch and burn is called pompholyx eczema. The blisters can start to crack or peel.
This condition usually affects the hands but can also affect the feet. They think that the cause
is associated with sweating, but it is really unknown. Stress also appears to be a factor.
Some new terms that I learned from the article are: erythema, tacrolimus,
lichenification, and discoid. Erythema is a redness of the skin resulting from inflammation, for
example, as caused by sunburn. Tarcolimus is a drug that suppresses the immune system
and is used to prevent rejection of transplanted organs. Lichenfication is the thickening of the
skin with hyperkeratosis caused by chronic inflammation resulting from prolonged scratching
or irritation. Discoid means shaped like or resembling a disc.
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