Media Regulation and Social Responsibility of the Media in

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mr MIMO DRAŠKOVIĆ :
Media Regulation and Social Responsibility of the Media in the Post‐Industrial (Information) Society MEDIA REGULATION AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY OF THE MEDIA IN
THE POST‐INDUSTRIAL (INFORMATION) SOCIETY
MEDIJSKA REGULATIVA I DRUŠTVENA ODGOVORNOST MEDIJA U POSTINDUSTRIJSKOM (INFORMACIONOM) DRUŠTVU
mr MIMO DRAŠKOVIĆ, saradnik u nastavi
Fakultet za pomorstvo Kotor, Univerzitet Crne Gore
Abstract: Improvement of human communication, and treating it as one of the basic unalienable human rights is a imprtant goal, but also the ultimate dream that not only preoccupies our present day communication and media researchers, but has historically concerned a lot of thinkers and philosophers. Arguably, this investigation originated in the seventeenth century when John Milton fought for liberty of the press and an end to government control over political and religious writings, thereby advocating for freedom of thought and speaking out against pre‐publication censorship. Further contributions to the debate were made by such philosophers as John Locke, Voltaire, John Stuart Mill, John Dewey and Jürgen Habermas who investigated the ways of democratizing of modern media and emancipating the public sphere, and advocated for an undistorted communication.

In the post‐industrial (information) society like in the industrial society, freedom of expression is a right for every one. That right includes the right to freedom of doing research, and the right to receive and disseminate information and all sorts of ideas regardless of any boundaries and in any form and any way of his or her choice. That freedom includes in practice special duties and social responsibilities. Along with the other ICTs, the Internet is recognized as a global facilitor of information but its use should not be limited to journalism. Intellectual property, children’s rights, cultural diversity, electronic commerce and international security need to be secured with the defined boundaries of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the other international resolutions adopted for that purpose and cyber criminality just like all other forms of crimes have to be fought.

Key words: Media regulation, information society, freedom of speech, right to communicate, Information and Communication Technologies ( ICT‐s). Apstrakt: Unaprijeđenje ljudske komunikacije i njeno tretiranje kao jednog od osnovnih i neotuđivih ljudskih prava je važan cilj ali i krajnji san koji preokupira ne samo medijske i komunikacijske istraživače danas, već je istoriMEDIJSKI DIJALOZI № 5.

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jski povezano sa mnogo mislilaca i filozofa. Bez sumnje, ovo istraživanje je započeto u 17. vijeku, kada se John Milton borio za slobodu štampe i za okončanje državne kontrole nad političkim i vjerskim spisima, zalažući se na taj način za slobodu mišljenja i govora, a protiv cenzure prije objavljivanja. Dalji doprinos raspravi na ovu temu dali su filozofi John Locke, Voltaire, John Stuart Mill, John Dewey i Jürgen Habermas, koji su istraživali načine demokratizacije savremenih medija i emancipacije javne sfere, zalažući se za ne narušavanje komunikacija.

U post‐industrijskom (informacionom) kao i u industrijskom društvu, sloboda izražavanja je pravo svakog pojedinca. To pravo obuhvata pravo na slobodu istraživanja i pravo na primanje i širenje informacija i ideja svih vrsta, bez obzira na granice, u bilo kom obliku i na bilo koji način.Takva sloboda izražavanja u praksi obuhvata posebne dužnosti i društvene odgovornosti. Zajedno sa drugim informacionim i komunikacionim tehnologijama (IKT), internet je prepoznat kao globalni objekat pun informacija, ali njegova upotreba ne bi trebalo da bude ograničena isključivo na novinarstvo. Intelektualna svojina, kulturna raznolikost, elektronska trgovina i međunarodna bezbednost treba da budu obezbeđeni definisanim granicama Univerzalne deklaracije o ljudskim pravima i drugim međunarodnim rezolucijama prilagođenim toj namjeni i sajber kriminalu, kao...
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