supports his statement that the class you are in effects you in the classroom and your level of achievement, by using statistics from researcher William Sewell. Sewell â€œshowed a positive correlation between class and overall educational achievement. In comparing the top quartile (25%) of his sample to the bottom quartile, he found that students from upper-class families were twice as likely to obtain training beyond high school and four times as likely to attain a postgraduate degreeâ€ (pp.342-343). Sewell concluded: â€œsocioeconomic backgroundâ€¦operates independently of academic ability at every stage in the process of educational attainmentâ€( pp.342-343).
The point here is that again, if your parents make $100,000 a year, you are most likely to succeed far in life and go to college get your degree. However, if your family makes $10,000 a year, you most likely will not succeed very far and might not go to college. It all comes down to family income, which determines what social class you are in; you can see how it affects lives. Mantsios is convincing in that, he has hard facts, (meaning that his examples are real true, and taken from a scholarly source), true lifestyles and data to show the reader. He uses secondary sources which are legitimate and the reader can choose to research it for themselves. Mantsios back himself up by using more than one source to prove his theory about test scores and what class you are in. Whether you choose to believe him or not, the reality is the facts are there, written on the paper right in front of your eyes.
He also backs his theory by giving examples of â€œsome typical lifestyles and some not so typical lifestylesâ€, which means he shows you a complete profile of a persons life including: â€œMother and fathers name and occupation, Principal child-rearer, Primary education, Supplemental tutoring, summer camps, secondary education, family activities, higher education, first full-time job, subsequent employment, present employment with the age of the person, present residence, second residencesâ€(pp.336-340). He lets you look into the life of different people, some from upper-class families and some from lower class families. The reader can see for themselves that the way they are brought up, whether it is from and upper-class family or lower-class family, it affects them. It not only affects them when they are growing up but it also affects them when they get older. If you grow up in a lower class family, you probably will not make it farther than your parents did. For example, a person grows up with their parents being store clerks or working at Burger King, it is most likely a fact that you will end up doing the same thing. That is the point Mantsios tries to make by showing the reader the profiles of the peoples lifestyles. He lets you look for yourself at the lifestyles of people as they grow up. By showing the reader the background of the person, you could clearly see the pattern of lifestyle. If the personâ€™s parents were not so successful and only made about minimum wage, that child did not achieve a much higher status than their parents did. This supports Mantsios statement that what class you are born into affects you throughout your while life. He does a great job at convincing you, because he shows you real lifestyles. In another article, (Media Magic- Making Class invisible), Mantsios also gives a strong argument with examples, about how the media portrays the poor. He argues that the media only portrays the poor in a negative way, faceless, undeserving , weak and that they only have themselves to blame for their misfortunes. Mantsios not only picks apart the media, he gives examples as to how the media portrays the poor in a demeaning way. For example, Mantsios says: â€œThe media routinely centers on the black urban population and focus on perceived personality or cultural traits that doom the poor. Women in these stories exhibit and attitude that leads to...
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