December 14, 2010
Media in Mexico
Media can be defined as the main means of communication through such outlets as television, radio, newspapers and the Internet. In any country or region, there are many factors that contribute to how the media is molded and received by its audience. These range from things like geographical issues to technological developmental delays to issues in political structure. Whatever the case may be, with the effects of these particular influences or barriers, the media becomes a very complex system that is far from easy to analyze and comprehend.
Mexico’s media system is one that is greatly hindered in many ways. Being that this nation has the second largest economy in Latin America because of major crude oil producing and exportation, it would seem that Mexico would be a nation of wealth and prosperity. But, the opposite is true. With the force of dominating political parties, the wealth is only shared amongst the ruling hierarchal class, leaving the vast amount of Mexican citizens to suffer. How does this affect the media? These members of this elite social class are the same select few who either run the government or own the major media conglomerates in the nation. Rubbing shoulders at many social events ensures that little will be done to regulate these media giants.
Located in North America, Mexico is a fairly large nation with a population of about 113 million. The official language of the nation is Spanish and there is a literacy rate of ninety-two percent. The Mexican government is one that incorporates the U.S. constitutional theory and a civil law system linked in with a judicial review of legislative matters. Mexico had been long dominated by the Institutional Revolutionary Party, or the PRI, in what seemed to be a one-party political system with a democratic façade. Their ruling lasted for seventy years until the 1997 elections where the trend against the dominating party first emerged. This shift favor in the opposing party was most likely due to the huge devaluation of the peso in late 1994 that triggered the worst recession in over half a century; the people needed to see if a change would be beneficial. Then in the year 2000, the trend was confirmed with the election of Vicente Fox of the National Action Party (PAN), the first president to come from the opposition in decades. Today Mexico’s president, Felipe Calderon, is also a member of the National Action Party. He narrowly won by less than a percentage point over his left-wing rival in the July 2006 election. One of the platforms Calderon holds strong to is his war on drugs. In addition to his fight against drug cartels, Calderon has stated that he had planned to combat tax evasion, create jobs, and tackle the nation’s poverty issue. But in 2008, Mexico’s economy was hard by the downturn of global demand, leading to a decline in Calderon’s supporters. To “punish” Calderon, in the 2009 mid-term elections, the citizens made the previously all-powerful Institutional Revolutionary Party the biggest force in the Chamber of Deputies. Economically, as a whole, Mexico’s free market economy is not too bad off. Mexico has the second largest economy in Latin American only inferior to that of Brazil. The majority of Mexico’s revenue comes from their production and exportation of crude oil; much of which is purchased by the United States. Nearly one-third of all income comes from the oil produced. Even still, poverty runs ramped throughout Mexico. The socio-economic gap is so wide that only a few members of the elite class have access to things that hardly any of us here in America would consider a luxury. Rural areas are often neglected resulting in many Mexicans attempting to cross the 3,000 km border into the United Stated to find work and prosperity; more than a million illegal immigrants are arrested every year. Another factor that has heavily altered the Mexican economy...