Measurable and Relatively Permanent Change in Behavior through Experience

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Measurable and relatively permanent change in behavior through experience, instruction, or study. Whereas individual learning is selective, group learning is essentially political its outcomes depend largely on power playing in the group. Learning itself cannot be measured, but its results can be. In the words of Harvard Business School psychologist Chris Argyris, learning is "detection and correction of error" where an error means "any mismatch between our intentions and what actually happens."

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Definition: To gain knowledge or information of; to ascertain by inquiry, study, or investigation; to receive instruction concerning; to fix in the mind; to acquire understanding of, or skill; as, to learn the way; to learn a lesson; to learn dancing; to learn to skate; to learn the violin; to learn the truth about something.

I want to talk about learning. But not the lifeless, sterile, futile, quickly forgotten stuff that iscrammed in to the mind of the poor helpless individual tied into his seat by ironclad bonds of conformity! I am talking about LEARNING - the insatiable curiosity that drives the adolescent boy to absorb everything he can see or hear or read about gasoline engines in order to improvethe efficiency and speed of his 'cruiser'. I am talking about the student who says, "I amdiscovering, drawing in from the outside, and making that which is drawn in a real part of me." I am talking about any learning in which the experience of the learner progresses along this line:"No, no, that's not what I want"; "Wait! This is closer to what I am interested in, what I need";"Ah, here it is! Now I'm grasping and comprehending what I need and what I want to know!"  CarlRogers 1983: 18-19Learning is a powerful incentive for many employees to stick to certain organizations. Learninghas a significant impact on individual behavior as it influences abilities, role perceptions andmotivation. Along with its role in individual behavior, learning is essential for knowledgemanagement. Knowledge management enhances an organization’s capacity to acquire, shareand utilize knowledge in ways that improve its survival and success. MEANING AND DEFINITION

Learning is defined as “a relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs as a result of prior experience.”Learning is understood as the modification of behavior through practice, training, or experience.This is supplemented with five important components of learning:1.Learning involves change: a change may be for good or bad. Change may not beevident until a situation arises in which the new behavior can occur. Learning is notalways reflected in performance2.Not all changes reflect learning: to constitute learning, change should be relativelypermanent. Temporary changes may be only reflective and fail to represent any learning.This requirement, therefore, rules out behavioral changes caused by fatigue or drugs.3.Learning is reflected in behavior: a change in an individual’s thought process or attitude,not accompanied by behavior, is no learning. It should be further clarified that learningneeds to result in behavior potentiality and not necessarily in the behavior itself. Thereason for this distinction lies in the fact that an individual may learn but owing to lack of motivation, may not exhibit any changed behavior. 4.

The change in behavior should occur as a result of experience, practice or training: thisimplies that behavior caused from maturity, disease, or physical damages does notconstitute learning

5.The practice or experience must be reinforced in order for learning to occur: if reinforcement does not accompany the practice or experience, the behavior willeventually disappear. 6.
Though not implied in any standard definition of learning: contrary to popular belief,learning is not confined to one’s schooling. Learning occurs throughout one’s life  

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