Measles: Immune System and Close Physical Contact

Topics: Immune system, Measles, Mumps Pages: 3 (966 words) Published: February 24, 2013
Why have we not eradicated measles? Alexandra | Kingston

Measles (AKA Rubeola or Morbilli) is a contagious illness caused by a virus which can be spread by droplets escaping the mouth, nose or throat. Coughing or sneezing can contaminate the air as well. Symptoms appear 8-11 days after an infection, basic symptoms are sensitivity to light, Conjunctivitis, aches all over the body, fever & a dry hacking cough. They usually feel like a cold at first, but then you may develop red blotchy rashes on the face, that will spread to the body. It is very likely if you share a house with an infected person, or if you are in close physical contact with them, that you will get measles. Scientists says its approximately 90% likely that you will get infected especially if you have not been infected before or vaccinated against it. After you have been infected by measles, you become immune to it & very rarely will a person be re-infected by it.

As soon as the virus enters the body, it multiplies in the back of the throat & lungs. Afterwards it targets & infects the urinary tract, eyes, blood vessels & central nervous system.

The measles can be diagnosed by taking a vaccine against it. One of the most popular vaccines is the MMR vaccine that was developed by Maurice Hilleman in the late 1960s. The vaccine consists of three live weakened viruses, usually via injection. The shot is generally done when a child turns one year old or so, & a second shot before they begin school which is usually at the age of 4. The second shot is usually done in case the first shot doesn't manage to develop immunity, which is usually in a small amount of people (approx. 2-5%). The extra shot of vaccine nearly eradicated Measles from the US It is usually considered a childhood vaccination but it is advised to some adults with HIV. The down sides to the MMR vaccine is that people with allergic reactions to gelatin or other components of the vaccine can't take it, women...
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