Descriptive statistics is the discipline of quantitatively describing the main features of a collection of data.[1] Descriptive statistics are distinguished from inferential statistics (or inductive statistics), in that descriptive statistics aim to summarize a sample, rather than use the data to learn about the population that the sample of data is thought to represent. This generally means that descriptive statistics, unlike inferential statistics, are not developed on the basis of probability theory.[2] Even when a data analysis draws its main conclusions using inferential statistics, descriptive statistics are generally also presented. For example in a paper reporting on a study involving human subjects, there typically appears a table giving the overall sample size, sample sizes in important subgroups (e.g., for each treatment or exposure group), and demographic or clinical characteristics such as the average age, the proportion of subjects of each sex, and the proportion of subjects with related comorbidities.

Descriptive statistics provides simple summaries about the sample and about the observations that have been made. Such summaries may be either quantitative, i.e. summary statistics, or visual, i.e. simple-to-understand graphs. These summaries may either form the basis of the initial description of the data as part of a more extensive statistical analysis, or they may be sufficient in and of themselves for a particular investigation. For example, the shooting percentage in basketball is a descriptive statistic that summarizes the performance of a player or a team. This number is the number of shots made divided by the number of shots taken. For example, a player who shoots 33% is making approximately one shot in every three. The percentage summarizes or describes multiple discrete events. Consider also the grade point average. This single number describes the general performance of a student across the range of their course experiences.[3] The use...

...Professor Dumonceaux
DescriptiveStatistics Paper
2 June 2014
Finding a New Home
According to Trochim, “Descriptivestatistics are used to describe the basic features of the data in a study. They provide simple summaries about the sample and the measures. Together with simple graphics analysis, they form the basis of virtually every quantitative analysis of data” (Trochim, 2006). For many years, many studies and researches have been...

...Association [ASA], 2008). Statistics is a division of mathematics that centers on the collection and evaluation of data, which can be drawn upon to make conclusions (Aron, Aron, & Coups, 2006, 2). Two branches of statistics exist, including descriptive and inferential domains. Extrapolation beyond the data is where the real difference emerges. Indeed, these two subcategories vary in function and definition. However, a relationship exists between...

...
Course:
Applied Statistics
3.00 Credit Hours, fall 2014,
ADP (Accounting and finance)
Instructor: Sonia Iqbal
Email: Sonia.iqbal@uogsialkot.edu.pk
INTRODUCTION
1.1 Meaning of Statistics:-
Statistics is a subject consisting of rules, methods and techniques of collecting data and presenting large amount of numerical information. It is also used to draw inference about the population on the basis of sample
For example, to check the...

...Descriptive & Inferential Statistics
The study of statistics plays a significant role in each of our lives. Statistics is a method often used in every scientific field to relay important information found, support new theories as they are developed and keep our society aware and up to date with the issues that affect us and what type of effect they have. From a psychological standpoint statistics provides each...

...Descriptive and Inferential Statistics
Greg Hagen, Jean Parker, Jade Riley, Nanika Woods, Myron Hamilton, Tajah Gutierrez, Treva Eley
PSY/315
June 9, 2012
Nancy A. Walker
Descriptive and Inferential StatisticsStatistics is a vital part of the psychological field as the analysis of statistics provides researchers with a means of both describing the results of research and surmising from those...

...Running head: DESCRIPTIVE AND INFERENTIAL STATISTICS
1
Descriptive and Inferential StatisticsDESCRIPTIVE AND INFERENTIAL STATISTICS
2
Descriptive and Inferential StatisticsDescriptive and inferential statistics are incredibly similar forms of research testing within psychology. Each seeks to analyze, describe, and possibly predict a...

...Descriptive and Inferential Statistics Paper
PSY 315
Descriptive and Inferential Statistics
Whether doing original research or conducting literature reviews, one must conclude what a powerful and versatile tool statistics are in the hands of researchers. From basic statistics such as data description, to using complex statistical methods to foresee future patterns or strengthen scientific claims about...

...Descriptive and Inferential Statistics Paper
Descriptive and Inferential Statistics Paper
Statistics are used for descriptive purposes, and can be helpful in understanding a large amount of information, such as crime rates. Using statistics to record and analyze information, helps to solve problems, back up the solution to the problems, and eliminate some of the guess work. In Psychology...

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