In Philippine literature, a tanaga is a poem consisting of four lines with each line equally having between seven and nine syllables. To compare, the Japanese haiku has 17 phonetic units divided into three phrases of 5, 7 and 5 units respectively.
These short poems do not have any titles, although the apparent theme is used to refer to it. Most are written in Tagalog, the basis of the Filipino national language.
Halimbawa ng waluhang pantig na mga tanaga
(Examples of octosyllabic Filipino haiku poems)
Pag ang sanggol ay ngumiti
nawawala ang pighati,
pag kalong mo’y sumisidhi
ang pangarap na punyagi.
Wala iyan sa pabalat
at sa puso nakatatak,
ang pag-ibig na matapat.
Ang damdami’y sumisikdo
sa balitang di-totoo;
habang sila’y nanunudyo,
These tanaga poems were written by Filipina poet Emelita Perez Baes.
Japanese literature, the body of written works produced by Japanese authors in Japanese or, in its earliest beginnings, at a time when Japan had no written language, in the Chinese classical language. Both in quantity and quality, Japanese literature ranks as one of the major literatures of the world, comparable in age, richness, and volume to English literature, though its course of development has been quite dissimilar. The surviving works comprise a literary tradition extending from the 7th century ad to the present; during all this time there was never a “dark age” devoid of literary production. by-wikipedia