WITH only five years left to the deadline of achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), emphasis is on those countries that are yet to achieve the goals. The UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has called on concerted effort from all stakeholders in order to achieve MDGs by 2015.
However, it is hard to tell whether a country is on track until you examine its progress. Below is assessment of how far Uganda has moved in as far as implementing MDGs 4, 5 and 6 is concerned. The MDGs are; reducing child mortality rate, improving maternal health, and combating HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases.
How the situation was in 2000
The Uganda 2010 MDGsâ€™ country report shows that in 2000 when the MDGs were established, maternal mortality was at 500 deaths per 100,000 births. Today, it has reduced to about 220 deaths per 100,000. The MDG target is about 120 deaths per every 100,000 births.
Similarly, the under-five infant mortality was at 152 deaths per every 1,000 live births but has reduced to 120 deaths per 1,000 live births currently. The target though is 55 deaths per 1,000 live births.
Still in 2000, there were about 35 new HIV infections per every 10,000 Ugandans and about 20 malaria cases per every 10,000 people. It even went to 50 cases by 2004. But the trend has reduced to about 35 cases per every 10,000 Ugandans.
Some 100 deaths due to tuberclosis (TB) per every 100,000 people were recorded in 2003 but the number is now below 100 deaths. The target is to have the deaths drop to 20 per every 100,000 people. The TB prevalence in 2003 was 650 per 100,000 people, but it has also drastically reduced to 300 per 100,000 Ugandans and is expected to reduce to less than 100 per 100,000 people.
A report by the World Health Organisation, UNFPA and the World Bank says Ugandaâ€™s maternal mortality ratio has gone down.
The report notes that Uganda is moving at a slow pace in as far as...