Mckinley Anatomy and Physiology Answers

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Student: ___________________________________________________________________________ 1. The word "anatomy" comes from:
A. Latin and means "to be born".
B. Hebrew and means "shape".
C. Greek and means "to cut apart".
D. German and means "body".
E. Italian and means "form".

2. Anatomy is the study of:
A. stars.
B. function.
C. sharp tools.
D. structure and form.
E. word histories.

3. Since the body has been the same for thousands of years, anatomy is considered a static classification system instead of a dynamic science. True False

4. A scientist who describes the layers of the heart wall and their relationship to the surrounding pericardium would be a(n): A. anatomist.
B. physiologist.
C. pathologist.
D. pulmonologist.

5. ______ anatomy examines both superficial anatomic markings and internal body structures as they relate to the skin covering them. A. Regional
B. Surface
C. Radiographic
D. Surgical
E. Systemic

6. The discipline known as _____________ anatomy examines similarities and differences across species. ________________________________________

7. Which branch of microscopic anatomy is the study of tissues? A. Histology
B. Cytology
C. Embryology
D. Developmental anatomy
E. Surgical anatomy

8. Cytology is a subdivision of gross anatomy.
True False

9. Gross anatomy refers to the study of:
A. cells.
B. structures formed by cells.
C. structures not visible to the unaided eye.
D. structures visible to the unaided eye.
E. nasal secretions.

10. The anatomic changes that result from disease are studied under: A. pathologic anatomy.
B. systemic anatomy.
C. histology.
D. surgical anatomy.
E. developmental anatomy.

11. The two main divisions of microscopic anatomy are:
A. embryology and parasitology.
B. cytology and histology.
C. comparative anatomy and pathological anatomy.
D. neurobiology and surface anatomy.

12. When medical students study all of the structures in a particular area of the body as a unit (for example, all the muscles, blood vessels, and nerves of the leg), that approach is called: A. surface anatomy.

B. comparative anatomy.
C. popliteal physiology.
D. regional anatomy.
E. systemic anatomy.

13. The scientific discipline that studies the functions of body structures is: A. anatomy.
B. physiology.
C. astronomy.
D. anthropology.
E. archeology.

14. Which is a physiological description rather than an anatomical one? A. The muscles of the intestinal wall contract slowly and involuntarily. B. The walls of blood capillaries are composed of a thin epithelium. C. The muscles of the thigh are composed of skeletal muscle tissue. D. There are fenestrations (openings) in the epithelial cells of capillary walls. E. The esophageal wall includes a middle layer of dense irregular connective tissue.

15. Physiologists use chemistry to understand the workings of the body's organ systems. True False

16. The discipline that studies the functions of the nervous system, including the way that impulses are conducted is known as __________. ________________________________________

17. The discipline that associates changes in organ system function with disease or injury is known as ____________. ________________________________________

18. Respiratory physiology is primarily the study of:
A. cell shape within the alveoli of the lungs.
B. the branching pattern of the small airways of the lungs. C. the tissue composition of the airways, air sacs, and blood vessels. D. how gases are transferred between the lungs and the blood vessels supplying them.

19. The large surface area of the inside of the small intestine means that this structure is: A. well adapted for its physiological role in absorption.
B. derived from an embryological...
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