Maysire Silk Indusrty

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  • Topic: Weaving, Loom, Sari
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  • Published : February 27, 2013
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mysore silk indusarty
It was established in the year 1912 by the Maharaja of Mysore province, Naalwadi Krishnaraj Wadiar. The silk weaving factory in Mysore, presently owned by KSIC. In 1980 the Silk weaving factory was handed over to Karnataka Silk Industries Corporation Ltd., a Govt. of Karnataka enterprise and is popularly known as KSIC. Under the initiatives of KSIC modernization of silk industry started and still continuing. KSIC is the only organization in the country commanding the entire gamut of silk production right from reeling of cocoons to the weaving of pure silk fabric of various shades and designs, all under one roof. KSIC uses only high quality pure natural silk and 100% pure gold zari. The raw silk yarn Filatures obtained from T. Narasipura factory and open Market are put through various process and Quality silk products are produced for end user consumption. The factory has an installed capacity of 8,00,000 Mtrs per annum.

PRRODUCT

• Embroidery Design saree
• Big Butta Pallu Zari
• Rich Pallu Sari Saree
• J awar Border Saree
• Small Mango Saree
• Zari Printed Saree
• Saree Tissue Saree
• Traditional Zari Saree
• Checked Zari Saree
• Mango Border Saree
• Sunrise Design saree
• Butta Pallu Saree
• Double Line Checks Saree.

RAW MATRAL
Silk filature refers to raw silk manufacturing unit. The raw silk yarn filatures are obtained from the T. Narasipura factory, 25 kms away from the Mysore silk saree making factory. A single cocoon produces 800-900mts. of yarn, but usable yarn is only up to 400-600mts. The unit manufactures raw silk yarn and transfers it to meet the raw material requirement of silk weaving factory in Mysore.

PROCESS
1. Soaking
2. Winding
3. Twisting
4. Doubling
5. Re winding
6. Warping
7. Zari warping for border
8. Weaving
9. Degumming
10. Coloring
11. Stentering
Soaking:
Coconut oil is used as it makes the fabric soft for temporary coloring. The temporary coloring is done for identifying the warps and the wefts.

Steaming:
The silk threads wound around perforated hollow aluminum pipes are called barrels. The perforations allow the steam to enter on the insides and spread the temporary color equally.

Activity/Steps:
a.Warp:
Boil Water and add soap 2.5 to 3.5% on weight of material and allow the soap to melt completely (About 15 minutes). Add 6% to 8% of coconut oil on weight of material and boil till the coconut oil emulsifies Completely (15-20 minutes). Shift the concentrated solution to plastic container and dilute the solution to required level. Add tinted color (if necessary) and rinse the silk- Hand squeeze and hydro extract. Dress and dry in shade. After completely drying shift the material to soaked silk yarn stores.

b.Weft:
Boil water and add 2% to 3.5% Soap on weight of material and allow the soap to melt completely (About 20 minutes). Add 6% to 8% Coconut Oil on weight of material and boil till the coconut oil emulsifies completely (25-30 Minutes). After completely drying, shift the material to soaked silk yarn stores lot wise. Winding

1st Re-winding:
The thread from the bobbins is now wound around a barrel. These barrels are sent into the Vacuum Heat Shelter.

Final Re-winding:
They are now transferred to bobbins.
The bobbins now move onto the pirn winding section under the weaving section. Pirn Winding:
The machines transfer the thread from the bobbins onto the pirns that fit into the shuttles for weaving. This is done only for the wefts.

Twisting
1st Twisting:
The machines consist of rubber roller to provide tension while twisting. The doubled weft threads are twisted.400 twists are made at this stage. 2nd Twisting:
1800 twists are made at this stage.
Therefore, the total no. of twists amount to 2200.

Warping
i) Winding:
The winding process is common for both the making of the warps and the wefts.

ii) Cone Winding:
A single cone consists of silk generated through 80-90...
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