Maya Civilization

Topics: Maya civilization, Mesoamerica, Mayan languages Pages: 2 (795 words) Published: March 6, 2013
Classic Maya culture developed in three regions in Mesoamerica, including the southern parts of Belize, Mexico, Guatemala, and El Salvador. The Maya Civilization was the only ancient, American civilization with an extraordinary recorded history of their own. The civilization is also known as the Mayan Civilization, which was given by archaeologists towards several independent, loosely allied city-states who shared a cultural heritage in terms of language, customs, artistic style and material culture. The Mayan’s soon thrived, reaching their highest state of development during the Classic period through deep understanding of their geographic setting, artistic abilities towards art and culture, and their surprising adaptations to the environmental. First and foremost, the surprising adaptations to the environmental surroundings, the Maya’s soon adapted, was extraordinary. The Maya were one of the few groups of people that lived in Mesoamerica. The Maya lived from 250 - 900 A.D, and by this time the Maya had lived in big city-states. Its own King, which included the city itself, and the farmland around it governed each city-state. Both the Highlands and the Lowlands were featured in the land that occupied the Mayan’s and were an important to the presence of trade within the Mayan civilization. The lowlands primarily produced crops, which were used for their own personal consumption, the standard cultigen being maize. They also grew squash, beans, chili, cacao, cotton for light clothes, sisal for heavy cloth and rope, and much more. Nonetheless, the volcanic highlands were the source of obsidian, jade, and other precious metals like cinnabar and hematite that the Mayans used to develop a lively trade. The great underground river systems provided as a great source through the Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico. These rivers, were of primary importance, and vital to the civilization as a form of transportation for both people and materials. Initially, the ancestors of...
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