The Maya is a Mesoamerican civilization which was inhabited around the 10th century BC; the civilization is located in Southeast Mexico in Yucatan Peninsula. The peninsula lies east of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec and the area is extended throughout the northern Central America Region. The classic period Maya were organized into numerous small cities, each with their own king. The Mayan constructed grand public buildings, including palaces, temples and reservoirs to collect water. However, the classic period was plagued by continuous war between the kingdom and its allies. This resulted in abandonment of most cities and their surrounding territories by AD 900.
The history of Maya archaeology begins early 16th century while it was founded by clerics. They were to conquer the colonial-period Maya to Catholicism. It was necessary in their modification of native culture to absorb it into the Spanish empire and its Catholic regime.
At 1549 One of the Clerics Diego de Landa, bishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Yucatán was charge of bringing Roman catholic faith of the Maya people after the conquer. His most infamous act was the burning of many Maya painted books or codices. He is a major figure called the “Black Legend” these actions earned him a high place in the history of Christianization.
On the other side his writings have been especially important on pre-Columbian Maya civilization and history of Maya studies. He had published a book “Relación de las cosas de Yucatán” which contained of Maya culture, including their oral history, beliefs, rituals, writings, calendar and economy. The manuscript was written around 1566, but on his return to Spain; unfortunately his original copy has been lost. But extant version was produced around 1660, and was rediscovered by the French cleric Charles Etienne Brasseur de Bourbourg in 1662.
These reports set fire on beginning of the investigations in the late 18th... [continues]
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