The article was wrote by Lauren Spatig, Doctoral Student from Fielding Graduate University, she created the article to make a comparison between three big management theories: Fayol’s classical management theory, McGregor’s behavioralist management theory (1966,2006) and Kouzes and Posner’s transformational leadership research (2007). Spatig is always comparing McGregor’s and Kouzes and Posner’s with Fayol’s theory. It is for business management students and people that are interested in different theories related to the way of manage a company. Also to prove that other authors based their theories in Fayol findings. The article was written in an organized and sequence structure. Remembering the audience who was the people she was describing and which ones were their thoughts. Besides, she support all her opinions and conclusions by books and written made by those three authors.
Spatig state (2209), that all authors of management theories support their ideas from Fayol theories. In addition, states, that management is base on structuralism, that hierarchical roles in all companies bringing uneven distribution of power. However if the task are well distribute the power will be even and employees will fill more comfortable getting better results.
On the other hand, there are other theories described by Spatig that are related to her main topic “Fayol classical management theory”:
a. McGregor theories X and Y:
He assert, that Maslow theory is not believable. Human beings need to work in bad conditions to understand and assess what they have. Hence, if people achieve their basic needs and satisfactions will waste or not assess extra things. Fayol stated that “personal satisfaction and self respect are often stronger than self interest when it comes to stimulating individual”. (Fayol cited by Spatig 2009, p.198). b. Kouzes and Posner transformational theory:
Kouzes and Posner (2007) argue, five universal exemplary leadership practices: model the way, inspire a shared vision, challenge the process, enable others to act and encourage the heart. Fayol state, that management should be teach, that everybody need someone to guide or manage them in order to become a good manager.
Spatig found that transformational and behavioralist management theories are related with the classic management theory by Fayol and somehow all three have something in common.
The information was collected from books and articles from those three authors. The sources used were appropriated, because have all the information required by the reader to understand what were each theory about and, what she tried to say in the article.
1. Wren, DA, Bedelan, AG & Breeze JD, 2002, ‘The foundations of Henri Fayol’s administrative theory’, Management Decision, vol. 40, no. 9, pp.906-918.
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The article was written by three authors: Daniel A. Wren, Arthur G. Bedelan and John D. Breeze. They wrote the article to show scholars and students the importance of Fayols thoughts early years such, “The administrative theory” specifically on his fundamental principles of a good administration. They support their ideas and opinions with Fayols pioneering writings.
On the other hand, they discuss the lack of those documents in English back in the years. For that reason, they present briefly translations of what all of those documents said. Nearly all translations talked about his thoughts in the company, on what they should or shouldn’t in the business, or which are the skills each employee must have to make success the enterprise. Fayol (1930) state...