Max Weber's Explanaiton on Contemporary Organization

Topics: Max Weber, Authority, Bureaucracy Pages: 5 (1556 words) Published: March 1, 2013
Max Weber was a German scholar and sociologist. He provided a methodology in the expansion of classical administration theory. Weber’s main focus was comprehension of rationalization processes, disenchantment and secularization that he linked with the increase of modernity and capitalism. He wrote expansively on bureaucracy and how it had an affect on organizational structure. Weber’s concern in the mode of authority and power, and his prevalent interest in contemporary rationalization trends, made him concern himself with the function of contemporary large-scale initiatives in the organizational, economic and political domination. He argued that Bureaucratic organization of actions is the distinguishing aspect of the contemporary epoch and that Bureaucracies are coordinated in accordance with rational ideologies. Weber explains some of the characteristics of contemporary organizations, which differentiate them from the traditional type of administration. He came up with traditional authority, charismatic authority and statutes authority that relate to the process of bureaucracy. Weber’s main concern regarding this process is its objectivity or the impartiality. He argues that mostly the process subverts democracy and there is no rationalization. Offices are categorized in a hierarchical order and their functions are typified by objective rules. Officeholders are ruled by systematic division of areas of authority and surrounded by domains of duty. Schedules are made according to specified recommendations instead of ascriptive standards. This bureaucratic organization of the activities of large number of people has turned out to be the overriding structural characteristic of contemporary systems of organization. Only via this organizational method has large scale planning, for the contemporary economy and contemporary state, has become conceivable. Only via it could state leaders militarize and consolidate resource of political authority, which in outdated times, for instance, had been disseminate in numerous centers. According to Weber, bureaucratic organization is the honored contributory that has designed the contemporary organization, the contemporary economy, and the contemporary technology. Bureaucratic forms of organization are theoretically superior to all other different types of administration, just like machine production is greater than handcraft techniques because their operations are typified by impersonal regulations. Bureaucracy can possibly be perceived as a specific case of rationalization practical to human organization. Weber believed that Bureaucratic harmonization of human action, is the typical mark of contemporary social structures. He considered it to be the most regimented form of organization. Organizations have distinct lines of authority. His point of view of concerning authority relations gives insight into what is taking place in the contemporary world. Traditional authority is considered to be legitimate since people have always obeyed those in leadership positions, and nobody thinks of disagreeing with their authority. This is because obedience is ‘’determined by highly robust motives of fear and hope—fear of the vengeance of magical powers or of the power-holder, hope for reward in this world or in the beyond—and besides all this, by interests of the most varied sort’’ (Weber 79). This authority is related to the process of bureaucratization because bureaucracy subsists in this kind of framework. The process of bureaucratization has orders that are appropriately sanctioned and subordinates are assured of them. Under traditional authority, there is the process in bureaucratization governing organization’s operations. In traditional authority, conventional rights of an influential and a dominant individual or groups are acknowledged, or at least not defied, by subordinate persons. These can be sacred sanctified, or religious forms; deep-rooted and gradually altering culture; or ethic,...
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