Max Planck

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Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck (b: April 23, 1858 d: October 4, 1947) was a German Theoretical Physicist. He is considered to be the founder of quantum theory, and therefore one of the most important physicists of the twentieth century [1]. Plank has come from a strong family background, promising times through education, a strong academic career and his many scientific discoveries including “Planck’s constant” which we will I will go into.

Planck was born into a traditional, intelligent family [5]. Both, Planck’s Grandfather and Great-grandfather were theology professors in Göttingen, his father was a law professor at Munich and Kiel, and his uncle was a judge. Planck was born in Kiel to his father, Johann Julius Wilhelm Planck and his father’s second wife, Emma Patzig. Planck was the youngest of six children in the family, two of his siblings being from his father's original marriage. One of his earliest memories was the marching of Austrian and Prussian troops into Kiel during the Danish-Prussian war during 1864. His family moved in 1867 to Munich, and Planck registered in the Maximilians gymnasium (gymnasium being school), where he came under the guidance of Hermann Müller, he was a mathematician who took an interest in the younger generations. Müller taught him mechanics, astronomy and mathematics. It was Müller that first taught Planck the principle of conservation of energy. Planck graduated at the very young age of 16. This is how Planck first came in contact and interested in physics.

Planck was extremely gifted when it came to music; he could sing, play the piano, organ and cello, and created songs and operas. Even though he had unlimited potential, he decided to study physics [2]. Munich Professor of Physics Phillip Von Jolly advised him against studying physics, saying, "in this field, almost everything is already discovered, and all that remains is to fill a few holes."[3] Planck then said that he didn’t desire to discover new things, but to...
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