The Holocaust was the most heinous tragedy of all time. In Art Spiegelman’s Maus I and Maus II, it is been explain this massacre through (of all platforms) a comic book. In Spiegelman’s book, his portrait of The Jews as mice and The Nazi as cats is precisely how the Jews were treated, like animals whose lives were without much value. Using the Maus I/II, I will identify five of the Nazi Holocaust Stages. 1.Life Before the Nazi’s:

•Vladek born in Poland on October 11, 1906. And as a single young man he was working in the textile industry, he was living in Czestochowa, Poland. •Vladek meet Anja on December 1935.
•Vladek moved to Sosnowiecz, Poland on December 1936.
•Anja and Vladek got married on February 14, 1937.
•Vladek and Anja traveled to Czechoslovakia the beginning of October, 1938 in order to stay in a Sanitarium because Anja was feeling depress and really nervous. •Bielsko factory in Poland was robbed on March, 1938.

2.World War II, 1939-1945:
•Vladek is activated for military duty on August 24, 1939. •Anja moved back to Sosnowiecz, Poland on August, 1939.
•Vladek is captured by the Germans on 1939.
•Sosnowiecz is occupied on September 4, 1939.
•Vladek went back home to his family from the P.O.W. camp in 1940.

3.Collection/Ghettoization 1940-1944:
•Vladek and his family received an order to live Sosnowiecz, Poland to be relocated into the Stara Sosnowiecz quarter by January 1, 1942. (Not a real Ghetto) •Vladek and his family were relocated to Srodula, Poland in 1943. (Real Ghetto)

4.Deportation 1940-1944:
•On May 10, 1942 all Jews over 70 years old were deported to Theresienstadt, Czechoslovakia. •Vladek’s in-laws were deported on the Wednesday-vans to Auschwitz concentration/extermination camp in Poland on March, 1944. •Vladek was deported to Auschwitz/Birkenau in Poland during the summer of 1944.

5.Forced Marches 1945:
•Vladek and the rest of the prisoners were forced to march out of Auschwitz...

...to use sample data to evaluate the null hypothesis. The evaluation often focuses around a single test statistic.
Analyze sample data. Find the value of the test statistic (mean score, proportion, t-score, z-score, etc.) described in the analysis plan.
Interpret results. Apply the decision rule described in the analysis plan. If the value of the test statistic is unlikely, based on the null hypothesis, reject the null hypothesis.
Decision Errors
Two types of errors can result from a hypothesis test.
Type I error. A Type I error occurs when the researcher rejects a null hypothesis when it is true. The probability of committing a Type I error is called the significance level. This probability is also called alpha, and is often denoted by α.
Type II error. A Type II error occurs when the researcher fails to reject a null hypothesis that is false. The probability of committing a Type II error is called Beta, and is often denoted by β. The probability of not committing a Type II error is called the Power of the test.
How to Test Hypotheses
All hypothesis tests are conducted the same way. The researcher states a hypothesis to be tested, formulates an analysis plan, analyzes sample data according to the plan, and accepts or rejects the null hypothesis, based on results of the analysis.
State the hypotheses. Every hypothesis test requires the analyst to state a null...

...Type I and II errors
Mistakenly rejecting the null hypothesis is a type 1 error. These errors are not avoidable and are part of statistical testing, but we can lessen the occurrence by setting the significance at a lower level. However, by setting the significance level lower; let us say .001, we then increase the chance of type 2 errors. Failing to correctly reject the null hypothesis creates a type 2 error, this is because; according to Aron (2009) “with an extreme significance level like .001, even if the research hypothesis is true, the results have to be quite strong for you to reject the null hypothesis.” To avoid type 2 errors, it is a good idea to increase the size of the experiment.
The sample size effects type 2 errors by determining the amount of sampling error. With small samples; effects are harder to detect, by increasing sample size we boost the statistical power of the test.
The selection of the alpha affects the type 2 test by causing the researcher to fail when rejecting the H0 if the alpha selection is incorrect. If the researcher is worried about the possibility of rejecting H0 when it is true, then a smaller alpha level like .01 or even .001 should be used. That would minimize the change that researcher would incorrectly reject H0.
Explain a factor that the researcher can control to change the type II error.
A researcher wants to find out how many times the red light will flash on an electronic...

...HCR/220–Week Six Checkpoint–Applying Level II HCPCS Modifiers
* Apply the appropriate Level II HCPCS code modifier for each of the following examples. Explain your rationale.
a) Portable home oxygen unit-GY – identifies rental or purchase of durable medical equipment for use in the patient’s home; is statutorily excluded, does not meet the definition of any Medicare benefit or for non-Medicare insurers, is not a contract benefit, is appended to procedures that are excluded from the Medicare payment system.
b) Left trigger thumb release–FA- left hand, thumb- Modifiers used in conjunction with the procedures of the hand, feet, and eyelids. The modifiers will not affect payment amount; however, failure to use these modifiers when appropriate, could result in claim delay or denial.
c) Incision and drainage of abscess involving right fourth toe-T8-Right foot, fourth digit- Modifiers used in conjunction with the procedures of the hand, feet, and eyelids. The modifiers will not affect payment amount; however, failure to use these modifiers when appropriate, could result in claim delay or denial.
d) Emergency ambulance transport and extended life support-QN-Ambulance service furnished directly by a provider of services. Since the service is provided directly by the service provider and not a doctor or facility this modifier would apply in which extended life support would be included. An ABN modifier could possibly be added but not...

...n1=100,
• n2 = 150,
• X1 = 10.4 Gms,
• [pic]= 10.9 Gms,
• X2 =?
WE KNOW THAT:
[pic]
10.9 = (100*10.4) + (150 X2) / 100+150
10.9 = 1040 + 150 X2 / 250
10.9*250 = 1040 + 150 X2
2725 = 1040 + 150 X2
150 = 2725-1040
X2 =1685 / 150
X2 = 11.23 Gms
Therefore, the average weight of screws of box B is 11.23 gms.
4. (a) Discuss the rules of “Probability”. (b) What is meant by “Conditional Probability”?
ANS:
1. Addition rule: The addition rule of probability states that:
i) If ‘A’ and ‘B’ are any two events then the probability of the occurrence of either ‘A’ or ‘B’ is given by:
[pic]
ii) If ‘A’ and ‘B’ are two mutually exclusive events then the probability of occurrence of either A or B is given by:
[pic]
iii) If A, B and C are any three events then the probability of occurrence of either A or B or C is given by:
[pic]
In terms of Venn diagram, from the figure 5.4, we can calculate the probability of occurrence of either event ‘A’ or event ‘B’, given that event ‘A’ and event ‘B’ are dependent events. From the figure 5.5, we can calculate the probability of occurrence of either ‘A’ or ‘B’, given that, events ‘A’ and ‘B’ are independent events. From the figure 5.6, we can calculate the probability of occurrence of either ‘A’ or...

...A Game of Cat and MausMaus and MausII are both very powerful and moving graphic novels. Both of which discuss one of the worst tragedies known to mankind. Spielgelman used the graphic novel form because it came natural to him, however he probably also used it as a way to get a larger audience and to make the subject matter a little less intimidating. However, Spielgelman’s use of animals to represent the different races helps the reader better understand the situation in a somewhat entertaining and a somewhat easier way. Maus even encapsulates the adage, “a picture is worth a thousand words” to a tee.
The title of the book Maus comes from the German word mauscheln. Mauscheln when translated to English means “to talk Yiddish” or “to cheat,” in terms of playing cards. The Germans laid the blame for Germany’s economic distress on the Jewish people. During this time frame, all the propaganda posters were portraying the Jewish community as mice. Maus, was a more than appropriate title considering how the Jewish were viewed and treated during this point.
There are approximately eight different animals used to represent the different cultures represented in the novels. The three main animals used are mice, which represent the Jewish people; cats, which represent the German people and pigs, representing the Polish people. It seems obvious as to why the Germans...

...MausII, by Art Spiegelman, continues the treacherous story of a Jewish Holocaust survivor from first hand memories. Artie Spiegelman is the son of Vladek Spiegelman and he is a graphic cartoon artist. He visits his father every so often and while he is there he makes sure to ask him about his experiences in Nazi Germany during the 1940’s. Vladek Spiegelman does not enjoy recalling his horrific memories but he agrees to do so anyway. Vladek begins telling his story to his son in MausI and continues in MausII, further into World War II. This passage is from chapter 2, towards the end of Vladek’s time in Auschwitz. He begins doing tin work again, when the German’s decide to have some of the gas chambers taken apart. Vladek works with a man that tells him about his work in the chambers. Vladek cannot stand to hear the horrific details about pulling the lifeless bodies apart and the crushed skulls of trampled infants. His co-worker continues to tell Vladek about what he has seen.
This page gives the reader chills through the vivid and graphic images of the helpless Holocaust victims. The striking images in this section are important because of the feelings of despair and sorrow that the reader cannot even begin to understand. The screaming looks of terror in the eyes of victims being burned alive seems unreal, impossible; but this story is not fiction. These images force the...

...During World War II and the Holocaust, there was not only mistrust for the government but there was also plenty of mistrust between friends and neighbors. In the novel Maus: A Survivors Tale Vladek Spiegelman makes it very clear to his son Artie, one cannot count on their friends. He makes the point that in time of hardship, friends will abandon you quite quickly. Vladek says, “Friends? Your friends…If you lock them together in a room with no food for a week…then you could see what it is, friends! (5-6). Throughout the novel, we see examples of this gloomy point proven repeatedly. Maus shows us how fragile our morals and ethics can be when pushed to the limits. The bonds that hold us together as humans: friendship, family, community disintegrate. We see many situations where choices come to either risk one’s own life to help a fellow human being or to do nothing in the name survival. We see how moral high ground doesn’t ensure survival, some who seem most deserving die, while some of the worst seem to flourish.
Our first real breakdown of morality is shown shortly after the Nazis start collecting the elderly Jews. Mr. Zylberberg was relentless to give up his parents. The Nazis gave him an ultimatum, if the Karmios don’t show up on three days you two will be sent in their place. Vladek points out that some Jews thought in this way: if they gave to the Germans a few Jews, they could save the rest. And at least they could save...

...Study guide questions for MausI.
Chapter one –
1. Spiegelman presents us with the roller-skating episode from his childhood because it foreshadows the story that is ahead for Vladek and his friends, who he is going to experience the war with. The cartoon sets the mood for the whole story and shows the readers that Vladek’s friends weren’t the most reliable, and they might not be his friends after everything that he goes through.
2. Vladek dated two girls, Lucia Greenberg and Anja Zylberberg. Lucia came from a poor family and she was very controlling and obsessive. She got extremely close to Vladek, when he wasn’t as close as she was to him. Lucia wanted to get engaged, but Vladek didn’t feel the same connection with her. Anja on the other hand, was a clever girl who came from a rich family. Anja was less attractive than Lucia, but as Vladek started talking to her more and more, he started loving her. In the end, Vladek married Anja. Art’s father tells him to leave out the story of Lucia from his book, but Art stresses that it makes everything much more real and human.
3. In my opinion, there isn’t any sense of what was about to happen to Vladek, his family, and his people. Everything seemed perfectly fine in his world.
Chapter two –
1 To get into trouble, Anja got involved in conspirations with the tall boy from Warsaw. She would translate his communist messages into german and pass them on. Anja got out of it by giving it...