Mauritius Presentation

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Table of Contents

Introduction2
Introduction to Religion and Culture3
Religion3
Culture3
Language5
Wildlife and preservation of the Island5
Mauritius Geography and Climate6
Facts and figures6
Cyclones7
Trading7
Currency8
Tourism9
References10

Introduction

Mauritius is a small paradise island situated in the Indian Ocean. This minute island of pleasure lies 2,400 kilometres away from the south east coast of Africa due east of Madagascar. The volcanic and mountainous island equates to 2,040 square kilometres. Now known to be an exotic beach destination, the island lies north of the Tropic of Capricorn and has become a striking piece of geography as it once was a volcano. Comprising of a total of 13 beaches each suited with white powder sand and blue crystal water to complement, the Mauritius beaches are just an aspect of what this island has to offer. The vast population inhabited in this small island embraces many different ethnic groups. The Republic of Mauritius’s residents are the descendants of people from India, Continental Africa, France and China.

Introduction to Religion and Culture

Mauritius is truly a blend of diverse religions and Cultures, These different cultures and religions have come from there immigrant population who brought with them their ancestral background. Mauritius culture also tries to encourage ‘Harmonious Separatism’ which means communal relations within Mauritius.

Religion

Currently in Mauritius most of the country is of a Hindu faith. The facts and Figure of the countries religions is Hindu 48%, Roman Catholic 23.6%, other Christian 8.6%, Muslim 16.6%, other 2.5%, Unspecified 0.3%, none 0.2%.

Data above collated from http://www.nationmaster.com/graph/rel_rel_all-religion-religions-all

Culture

Festivities occur frequently in Mauritius and all have a peaceful and harmonist meaning within them. An example of this is shown below;

Cavadi

This festival is celebrated in January/ February. Bodies are pierced with needles as well as tongues and cheeks being pierced with pins. This is practised by Devotees being put into a ‘trance’ and carrying ‘Cavadi’ on their shoulders as penitence.

This Cavadi is a wooden arch which has flowers attached. It also has a pot of milk at each end attached.

Divali

The so called festival of lights is carried out in the months of October and November. This is where small clay lamps are lined on walls and fences. These become lit at sunset. The Golden light which is achieved is seen as a guide of the Goddess to wealth, success and good fortune.

Divali is seen as the victory of Truth (Light) over ignorance (Darkness). In Mauritius this festival is a time of joy and sharing.

Father Lavel

This is a huge event within the Culture and History of Mauritius. Every 9th of September, Mauritius’s of all faiths walk or drive to the tomb of the blessed Jacques desire Laval in Port Louis. The belief in pere Laval, to whom powers of healing are attributed, reminds the Mauritian people of the Lourdes pilgrimage in France.

Ganesh Chaturthi

This is celebrated on the 4th day of the Lunar month of August/September by Hindus in honour of the birth of Ganesh.

Spring Festival

The Chinese New Year is celebrated on different days every year. Houses are cleaned before as well as no knife or scissors being used on the day of the festival. Red is also the main symbol of the festival as it represents happiness. Finally firecrackers are sent of in order to drive away the evil spirits.

Ougadi

This is the Teluga New Year which is celebrated in March

Language

Predominately Creole is the main spoken language within Mauritius however The French language predominates the media, and English is the official language of the Government’s and schools.

Phillip Baker and Peter stein, Scholar’s have found that Mauritius’s people see English as the language of “Knowledge”, French with “Culture” and Creole...
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