Matrix: Philosophy and Plato Berkeley Hobbes

Topics: Philosophy, Immanuel Kant, Metaphysics Pages: 6 (547 words) Published: September 21, 2013
University of Phoenix Material

Philosophy Matrix

Field

Definition

Historical Developments

Schools Of Thought

Key Contributors

Principal Issues
Epistemology

Epistemology is the investigation into the grounds and nature of knowledge. Found in the 1800’s
From Old Greece forward, Plato, Socrates, and developmental ideas. Rationalism means the knowledge can be acquired through the use of reason and empiricism is obtained through experience. Externalism, empiricism, constructivism, and etc. Rene Descartes

Immanuel Kant
Aristotle
Plato
Locke
Berkeley
Spinoza
The kind of knowledge of how can we know what we know, the reason why? How is knowledge got?
Metaphysics

Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy concerned with the nature and fundamental properties of being. Idea owed to Aristotle. In Greece

Realism
Idealism
Materialism
Dualism
Monism

Aristotle
Aquinas
Locke
Kant
Plato
Berkeley
Hobbes
Descartes
Leibniz
Spinoza
What is being? What are its fundamental features and properties? Is there a God? Do people really have free will? Moral

Moral is the philosophical study of moral judgments and value judgments about what is virtuous, just or unjust, morally right or wrong and etc. It is the area of philosophy concerned with how we should live our lives. Idea owed to the Sophists. In Greece, forward to Socrates, Plato Skepticism

Relativism
Subjectivism
Egoism
Hedonism
Epicureanism
Stoicism

Plato
Aesara
Aristotle
Aquinas
Berkeley
Hobbes
Hume
Kant
Moore

What is being a moral? What is moral judgment? What is good or evil? Social

Social is the philosophical study of society and its institutions. Greece
Individualism
Criticism
Modernism
Postmodernism

Marx
Hegel
Who gets what?
Political

Political seeks to find the best form of political existence, it is concerned with determining the states right to exist and ethically proper organization. Greece
Communism
Marxism
Anarchism
Liberalism
Capitalism
Utilitarianism

Plato
Aristotle
Augustine
Aquinas
Hobbes
Locke
Taylor
Mill
Smith
Marx
Berkeley
Ought all people equal in freedom?
Ought all people equal in citizenship? Should there be a state? Structuralism

Structuralism is a methodology that seeks to find the underlying rules and conventions governing large social systems such as language or cultural mythology. Greece

Structuralism
Poststructuralism
Criticism
Fuctionalism
Mauss
Jakobson
Saussure
Derrida
Kant
Hobbes
Berkeley
Locke

Is it trus?
Deconstruction

Deconstruction is a form of semiotic analysis, derived mainly from French philosopher Jacques 1967 work of Grammology. Greece
Criticism
Deconstructionism
Structuralism
Logocentrism

Berkeley
Locke
Hobbes
Hume

Eastern

Greece

Plato
Hobbes
Berkeley
Hume
Kant

Postcolonial

Postcolonial is a form of contemporary history that questions, challenges and reinvents the way we have viewed and are viewing other cultures. Greece

Kant
Berkeley
Hobbes
Aristotle
Augustine
Aquinas

Feminism

Feminist philosophy refers to philosophy approached from a feminist perspective. Feminist philosophy involves both attempts to use the methods of philosophy to further the cause of the feminist movements Greece

Plato
Hobbes
Berkeley
Hume
Kant

Directions: Complete the entire matrix and then write a 350- to 500-word response for each of the following questions:

What is one example of how the global integration of cultures has affected contemporary philosophical thinking?

Describe how the global integration of cultures, including Eastern metaphysical influences, has affected contemporary philosophical thinking. Cite at least one example and explain its effects on contemporary philosophical thinking.

How has contemporary...
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