1) Calculation of Labour Utilization:
No. of total employees = 22
No. of assistant supervisors = 4
Time used by assistant supervisors for production process = 100% -10% = 90% Therefore, the total available labour = 18 + 0.9*4 = 21.6

Maximum labour hours/ month =
No. of days*labour hrs available/day*total available labour = 20*8*21.6 = 3456 hrs Actual labour hours used = 1531.7 hrs
Capacity Utilization = Actual labour hours used/ Maximum labour hours available = (1531.7/3456) * 100 = 44.32%

This figure does not include the time taken by labour to rework on the parts rejected or returned by the customer. Hence, the actual labour utilization would be more than the above calculated figure. However, we believe that the above time signifies the actual time spent by labour in producing or working on new parts.

2) Profile operation (Fabrication) - Break even analysis: Let the optimal order size be N boards
a) Using Punch Press:
Total Operating Time = Setup time + Cycle Time*N = 50 + 1*N = 50 + N b) Using CNC router:
Operating Time = Setup time + Cycle time*N = 150 + 0.5*N= 150 + 0.5N We would use the CNC router when its operating time is less than that of the punch press. i.e. 150 + 0.5*N ≤ 50 + N
=> 0.5*N ≥ 100
=> N ≥ 200
=> N ≥ 200 boards
Thus, for orders above 200 boards, the CNC router should be used as it will take less time and hence, would produce more number of boards.

3) Drilling Operation (Image Tranfer) – Break Even Analysis Let the optimal order size be N boards
a) Using Manual drill:
Total Operation Time = Setup time + Run time = 15 + 0.08*500*N = 15 + 40N b) Using CNC drill:
Total Operation Time = Setup time + Run time = 240 + 0.004*500*N = 240 + 2*N We would use the CNC drill when its operating time is less than that of the punch press. i.e. 240 + 2*N ≤ 15 + 40*N
=> 38*N ≥ 225
=> N ≥ 5.92
=> N ≥ 6 boards
Therefore, for orders with size above 6 boards or more, CNC drill should be used as it will take less...

...History of mathematics
A proof from Euclid's Elements, widely considered the most influential textbook of all time.[1]
The area of study known as the history of mathematics is primarily an investigation into the origin of discoveries in mathematics and, to a lesser extent, an investigation into the mathematical methods and notation of the past.
Before the modern age and the worldwide spread of knowledge, written examples of new mathematical developments have come to light only in a few locales. The most ancient mathematical texts available arePlimpton 322 (Babylonian mathematics c. 1900 BC),[2] the Rhind Mathematical Papyrus (Egyptian mathematics c. 2000-1800 BC)[3] and the Moscow Mathematical Papyrus (Egyptian mathematics c. 1890 BC). All of these texts concern the so-calledPythagorean theorem, which seems to be the most ancient and widespread mathematical development after basic arithmetic and geometry.
The study of mathematics as a subject in its own right begins in the 6th century BC with the Pythagoreans, who coined the term "mathematics" from the ancient Greekμάθημα (mathema), meaning "subject of instruction".[4]Greek mathematics greatly refined the methods (especially through the introduction of deductive reasoning andmathematical rigor in proofs) and expanded the subject matter of mathematics.[5] Chinese...

...an electronic company can move its resources (such as metal and workers) from the production of computers to the production of digital cameras.
Allocative efficiency: a type of efficiency measured by how well resources are being allocated in the economy. The most efficient allocation of resources occurs when living standards and welfare are maximised and it is not possible to further increase living standards by changing the way resources are allocated. For example, when allocative efficiency is reached it means that resources cannot be reallocation in a way that would improve the standard of Australians.
Inter-temporal efficiency: how well resources are allocated over different time periods (so that the resources are not used up in one period, and are spread across an appropriate amount of time). For example, ensuring that new trees are planted so that there are trees for future generations.
Economic factors influencing decision-making
Households
- Income/ budget constraints
- Consumer confidence/ sentiment
- Preferences
- Interest rates
- Advertising
- Government- changing law, banning something’s, taxing something’s (helmets) (increasing tax’s on cigarettes)
Businesses
- Profitability
- Demand from households
- Government- taxes, law
- Production costs (suppliers that increase prices, keep or look for another supplier?)
- Actions of their competitors
Government
- Wanting to stay in power
- Demographics...

...least 6 activities.
Please keep this Agenda at hand so that you can deliver you assignments on time.
Greetings,
Blanca Alanís
Posted by: BLANCA HILDA ALANIS PENA
Posted to: CEL.HI09107V.343.13320 Inglés VII
Bibliography
Posted on: Thursday, October 3, 2013
Hello guys,
The books we are going to use are:
Text book:
Richards, Jack C. & Sandy, Chuck (2009). Passages 2 (2nd ed.). New York, N.Y. Cambridge University Press.
ISBN 978-0-521-68391-3
Workbook:
Richards, Jack C. & Sandy, Chuck (2009). Passages 2 (2nd ed.). New York, N.Y. Cambridge University Press.
ISBN 978-0-521-68393-7
Make sure they are the 2nd. edition, because the 1st. edition is completely different.
In your course, in the Bibliography Section you have a link of a bookstore where you can buy the books. You can try other bookstores in your city, of course, but they don't usually have the book in stock.
Greetings,
Blanca Alanís
Posted by: BLANCA HILDA ALANIS PENA
Posted to: CEL.HI09107V.343.13320 Inglés VII
Grading in the courseWeek 5
Final Exam
Continuous schedule from Friday , November 1st. 9am until Saturday , November 2nd., 23:59pm.
Monday, November 4, 2013
20%
100%
To obtain the opportunity to take your final exam you should have delivered at least 6 activities.
Please keep this Agenda at hand so that you can deliver you assignments on time.
Greetings,
Blanca Alanís
Posted by: BLANCA HILDA...

...concrete model.
Looking on the locality of the paper, I highly acknowledge the fact that the researchers described the current state of math education in the Philippines. They emphasized the fact that we are more focused on procedural knowledge rather than the more desired conceptual knowledge. That is our disadvantage because we usually train students to perform math without understanding or making connections on what they are doing. By mentioning this, the readers would really have an idea that the paper itself could be a solution to the problem mentioned. Moreover, it makes the thesis more realistic.
To sum up everything that was tackled, I could say that the thesis served to have an important purpose in the current state of Mathematics Education in the Philippines. It is very informative and feasible. Since it is a small study because it only involved 6 average students, we could propose more studies rooting from this which would have a bigger scope such as implementing the same study but now comparing it to the results gathered from high and low performing students....

...HISTORY OF MATHEMATICS
The history of mathematics is nearly as old as humanity itself. Since antiquity, mathematics has been fundamental to advances in science, engineering, and philosophy. It has evolved from simple counting, measurement and calculation, and the systematic study of the shapes and motions of physical objects, through the application of abstraction, imagination and logic, to the broad, complex and often abstract discipline we know today.
From the notched bones of early man to the mathematical advances brought about by settled agriculture in Mesopotamia and Egypt and the revolutionary developments of ancient Greece and its Hellenistic empire, the story of mathematics is a long and impressive one.
Prehistoric Mathematics
The oldest known possibly mathematical object is the Lebombo bone, discovered in the Lebombo mountains of Swaziland and dated to approximately 35,000 BC. It consists of 29 distinct notches cut into a baboon's fibula. Also prehistoric artifacts discovered in Africa and France, dated between 35,000 and 20,000 years old, suggest early attempts to quantify time.
The Ishango bone, found near the headwaters of the Nile river (northeastern Congo), may be as much as 20,000 years old and consists of a series of tally marks carved in three columns running the length of the bone. Common interpretations are that the Ishango bone shows either the earliest...

...Alice Rino
Karri Harris
ENG403B
10 March 2014
Hard Times Essay
The novel Hard Times, by Charles Dickens was written in 1854 based on the idea that logic and fact helped advance society more than fancy and imagination did. Dickens was concerned with the gloomy lives and social problems of mid-nineteenth-century England's working class and Hard Times was his way of expressing his thoughts. He addresses these problems through three divided sections of the novel where logic, reason, fancy and imagination are scrutinized through characters and events. His thoughts are shown through characters and also in his description of the setting of the novel. Each title's chapter carries a central message of imagination versus fact and theme that relates back to the titles "Sowing," "Reaping," and "Garnering," through the plot and character growth that portray Dickens' outlook on nineteenth century England.
The first section of the book is titled "Sowing," because readers begin to learn who the main characters are, what they all bring to the story and if their mentality leans toward fact or fancy. Each character begins to plant or "sow" their identities for the novel and this gives readers the main structure of the first book. From the very beginning Mr. Gradgrind establishes that he is a man devoted to facts, self-interest and not much else, although he is also eventually conveyed as a loving father. "Now, what I want is Facts. Teach...

...coopted then when the AGM arrives you can decide
whether to stand for election. Julie Carr, the current chair,
88
Mental health occupational therapy
would be more than happy to speak to you to explore
options. She is contactable at Julie.carr@swyt.nhs.uk or
JULIE@jcarr17.fsnet.co.uk / telephone 01924-327658 or
mobile 0779-5540-234
For the perhaps more ambitious of you, the post of
vice-chair is currently vacant. As Julie Carr has to retire
this coming April, it would be great to have someone
come into this position and spend the time up until the
AGM in 2010 working alongside Julie with a view to either
standing for chair or vice-chair.
Another way you could try out a position is through
shadowing one of the current officers. As it is anticipated
that we will be loosing our chair, secretary and treasurer
in April, these posts would be more than suitable for
someone to come along and shadow the outgoing officers
for the time up until the AGM.
Please do give it some thought – the benefits are great.
You get an instant national network of highly motivated
occupational therapists, not to mention many
opportunities such as representing COT Specialist Section
– Mental Health or the COT at events and consultations.
Also, of course, you are usually given a free place at
conference (though there is a bit of work to do whilst there
– chairing sessions etc). Travel expenses to committee
meetings of course are covered by...

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