Math 113 Final Output
“THE MATHEMATECAL CONCEPTS BEHIND A WHEELCHAIR”

Submitted to:
Ms. Mae Salansang

Submitted By:
Fernandez, Mitzi Joy
Herradura, Phyllis Yna
Masajo, Queenie Nicole
Redoble, Mycah Marie
Santos, Jhuneline
Tampos, John Pablo

BSPT 1 – 4

“THE MATHEMATECAL CONCEPTS BEHIND A WHEELCHAIR”
Introduction
Wheelchairs come in all shapes and sizes. People who have issues with immobility or decreased sensation frequently cannot maintain proper positioning or are unaware that they have swayed from an upright, symmetrical posture. Asymmetrical posture can lead to problems with function, skin integrity, breathing, swallowing and digestion. For these people, it is imperative that the seating system be measured appropriately for them. Wheelchair is designed to be a replacement for walking. Those who use wheelchair were people with disabilities. We as Future Physical Therapist must ensure the safety of our patients, one way to execute it is by making a miniature wheelchair subjected to various Trigonometric and Geometric Concepts. Materials

For the Wheelchair:
Old CDsGlue Gun and Glue Stick
Sticks Bottle Caps
Felt PaperButtons
Electrical TapeBond Paper
For the Ramp:
Popsicle SticksColored Paper
Old Shoe BoxGlue and Tape
Total Cost: 50 php (Some Materials are found at home and recycled)

Method:
For the Wheelchair:
* Prepare the materials needed
* Glue 5 old CDs together, then use the electrical tape for the sides Make a pair of it. (it will serve as the wheel)

* Use the bond paper to Make a Layout for the wheelchair structure; cut the sticks according to the layout you have made and Glue it together. Repeat it twice for the other side of the wheelchair

* Get 7 – 6 pieces of BBQ sticks and tie them together when they are as big as the hole of the CDs. Make sure that the CDs can rotate. Put the Bottle Caps at the sides....

...Math 213
MathematicalConcepts Reflective Paper
Mathematics for Elementary Educators teaches many concepts that are needed for basic understanding of what you will be teaching in your classroom. There were several ideas covered in this course but there are several of the major mathematicalconcepts that stand out to me. Those concepts are the, National Council of Teachers of Mathematics principals and standards, Whole Numbers and their Operations, Algebraic Thinking, Rational Numbers as Fractions, and estimation and mental mathematics.
The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) sets forth the first concept covered. The NCTM has defined six principles of elementary school mathematics and five mathematical process standards. The NCTM Principles are set forth as, Equity, Curriculum, Teaching, Learning, Assessment, and Technology. These six principals are standard groundwork for all educators teaching mathematics. The NCTM Standards are expressed as, Problem Solving, Communication, Representation Reasoning and Proof, and Connections. These standards cover the fundamental grouping of mathematics that educators should be impressing upon their students.
The next major concept that was covered was Whole Numbers and Their Operations. This concept includes lessons that introduced whole numbers, basic operations...

...erms
The Complete Mathematical Terms Dictionary
Understanding math concepts is critical in our world today. Math is used daily by nearly everyone, from lay persons to highly degreed professionals. Situations in which math is used vary from simply balancing a checkbook or calculating the amount of change due from a store transaction all the way to making blueprints for an office building or house and the construction of those buildings. Understanding how to solve math problems becomes easier as one learns math terminology. Below is a list of many common math terms and their definitions.
Acute angle – An angle which measures below 90°.
Acute triangle – A triangle containing only acute angles.
Additive inverse – The opposite of a number or its negative. A number plus its additive inverse equals 0.
Adjacent angles – Angles with a common side and vertex.
Angle – Created by two rays and containing an endpoint in common.
Arc – A set of points that lie on a circle and that are positioned within a central angle.
Area – The space contained within a shape.
Average – The numerical result of dividing the sum of two or more quantities by the number of quantities.
Binomial – An expression in algebra that consists of two terms.
Bisect – To divide into two equal sections.
Canceling – In multiplication of fractions, when one number is divided into both a numerator and a denominator.
Cartesian coordinates – Ordered number pairs that are assigned to...

...Introducing LURCH: a Shared Autonomy Robotic
Wheelchair with Multimodal Interfaces
Andrea Bonarini1 , Simone Ceriani1 , Giulio Fontana1 , and Matteo Matteucci1
Abstract— The LURCH project aims at the development of
an autonomous wheelchair capable of avoiding obstacles, selflocalize and explore indoor environments in a safe way. To
meet disabled people requirements, we have designed the user
interface to the autonomous wheelchair in such a way that
it can be simply modified and adapted to the users needs. In
particular, the user has the opportunity to choose among several
autonomy levels (from simple obstacle avoidance to complete
autonomous navigation) and different interfaces: a classical
joystick, a touch-screen, an electro miographic interface, and a
brain-computer interface (BCI), i.e., a system that allows the
user to convey intentions by analyzing brain signals.
I. I NTRODUCTION
The possibility of moving in an autonomous way gives
individuals a remarkable physical and psychological sense
of well-being. Electric wheelchairs are usually driven by a
joystick and are addressed to those people that are not able
to apply the necessary force to move a manual wheelchair.
However, often they cannot be used by people with low
vision, visual field reduction, spasticity, tremors, or cognitive
deficits. In order to give also to these people a higher degree
of autonomy, and to lighten the duties of those who...

...Database Management System, a transitive dependency is a functional dependency which holds by virtue of transitivity. A transitive dependency can occur only in a relation that has three or more attributes. Let A, B, and C designate three distinct attributes (or distinct collections of attributes) in the relation. Suppose all three of the following conditions hold:
1. A → B
2. It is not the case that B → A
3. B → C
Then the functional dependency A → C (which follows from 1 and 3 by the axiom of transitivity) is a transitive dependency.
In database normalization, one of the important features of third normal form is that it excludes certain types of transitive dependencies. E.F. Codd, the inventor of the relational model, introduced the concepts of transitive dependence and third normal form in 1971.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transitive_dependency
Example
A transitive dependency occurs in the following relation:
Book Genre Author Author Nationality
Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea
Science Fiction
Jules Verne
French
Journey to the Center of the Earth
Science Fiction
Jules Verne
French
Leaves of Grass
Poetry
Walt Whitman
American
Anna Karenina
Literary Fiction
Leo Tolstoy
Russian
A Confession
Religious Autobiography
Leo Tolstoy
Russian
3.Look up “denormalization” and provide information on why anyone would want to do it.
In computing, denormalization is the process of attempting to optimize the...

...
Mathematical Happenings
Rayne Charni
MTH 110
April 6, 2015
Prof. Charles Hobbs
Mathematical Happenings
Greek mathematicians from the 7th Century BC, such as Pythagoras and Euclid are the reasons for our fundamental understanding of mathematic science today. Adopting elements of mathematics from both the Egyptians and the Babylonians while researching and added their own works has lead to important theories and formulas used for all modern mathematics and science.
Pythagoras was born in Samon Greece approximately 569 BC and passed away between 500 - 475 BC in Metapontum, Italy. Pythagoras believed that all things are numbers. He also believed that mathematics was and is the core of everything mathematical. He also believed that geometry is the highest form of mathematics and that the physical world could always be understood through the science of mathematics.
Pythagoreans have and will continue to give recognition to Pythagoras for 1) the angles of a triangle equaling to two right angles. 2) The Pythagoras theorem, which is a right-angled triangle, and the square on the hypotenuse equaling to the sum of the squares on the other two sides. This theory was created and understood years earlier by the Babylonians, however, Pythagoras proved it to be correct. 3) Pythagoras constructed three of the five regular solids. The regular solids are called tetrahedron, cube, octahedron, icosahedron, and dodecahedron. 4) Proving and...

...Writing about Literature
Reading literature like Beowulf and Emerson’s "Heroism" is just one stop along the way to becoming an English scholar. Writing about literature is a third essential element. In the assignment for this lesson, you will synthesize the texts you have read to write a short essay; this means you will combine details from Beowulf and "Heroism" to show your understanding.
When writing about what you’ve read, you need to consider the general idea of the text and the specific pieces of it that will support your ideas. Asking yourself two questions can help you locate supporting evidence in the text.
Ask yourself
Which words, phrases, and sentences did the author select to make me think or feel this way about the text?
Why are those words, phrases, and sentences effective in making me think or feel the way I do about the text?
The first question will help you identify examples, details, or facts to support your central idea. The second question will help you provide the explanation of how your examples and details prove your point.
Supporting Your Ideas
When using supporting information from a text, you need to include:
· examples
· details
· facts
· explanations
You can incorporate these items in your writing in three ways:
Summarizing
Putting the main, broad ideas of a text entirely in your own words
Paraphrasing
Putting a specific sentence or several sentences entirely in your own words
Directly Quoting
Using the...

...
When everything around you seems so routine and mundane, switch it up a little and think outside the box. Being known as simple, boring and everything that is done is expected, there is no room for excitement. Well all of that changes, except for the eyes of those on the outside looking in. Living double lives, both are extreme opposite of each other and both are extremely satisfying in their own right. Unfortunately they don’t play hand in hand, and the secrecy of one determines the success of the other and vice versa.
Inspiration
My inspiration came from the show “The Covert Affair”. The title moerso than the show grabbed my attention and was ultimately where I pulled inspiration from. It stems off of the basis of living double lives and pulling it off without anyone knowing but you. I have put a twist on it, allowing my target market to have a very diverse wardrobe, going from one extreme to the next. I have included tailored pants suits as well as dresses in my collection, depicting a very strong and structured woman. She is set in her career, yet lives a fun life, surrounded by friends and family. But they are also much like herself, safe and secure in their comfort zone. When night time falls, she becomes someone else. She is having a secret affair with excitement, with danger, with city nightlife, with fun and with herself!! Her wardrobe is no longer safe, her friends are not the same, her family has no clue that she is prowling the...

...inflation such as current purchasing power accounting, current cost accounting and continuously contemporary accounting which was not supported by the accounting professions, IASB has undertaken the work to develop conceptual frameworks for accounting.
The FASB in the US which developed one of the first conceptual frameworks in accounting defined its conceptual framework as ‘a coherent system of interrelated objectives and fundamentals that is expected to lead to consistent standards’. (Statement of Financial Accounting Concepts No 1: Objectives of Financial Reporting by Business Enterprises, 1978)
According to FASB, the conceptual framework ‘prescribes the nature, function and limits of financial accounting and reporting.’
According to the Exposure Draft (p12) publishes in 2008, the conceptual framework is:
‘a coherent system of concepts that flow from an objective. The objective of financial reporting is the foundation of the framework. The other concepts provide guidance on identifying the boundaries of financial reporting; selecting the transaction, other events and circumstances to be represented; how they should be recognised and measured (or disclosed); and how they should be summarised and communicated in financial reports.’
When developing the conceptual frameworks, there is a need to develop some consensus on important issues such as what is meant by financial reporting and what should be its scope; what...