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Russian Revolution of 1917|
Bolshevik forces marching on Red Square.|
Result| * Abdication of Nicholas II * End of the Russian Empire * Bolsheviks' takeover of power * Start of the Russian Civil War|
Russian Empire| Russian Provisional Government| Petrograd Soviet Bolshevik Party|
Commanders and leaders|
Nicholas II of Russia| Alexander Kerensky| Vladimir Lenin| See also: Revolution of 1905
The Russian Revolution is the collective term for a series of revolutions in Russia in 1917, which destroyed the Tsarist autocracy and led to the creation of the Soviet Union. The Tsar was deposed and replaced by a provisional government in the first revolution of February 1917 (March in the Gregorian calendar; the older Julian calendar was in use in Russia at the time). In the second revolution, during October, the Provisional Government was removed and replaced with a Bolshevik (Communist) government. The February Revolution (March 1917) was a revolution focused around Petrograd (now St. Petersburg). In the chaos, members of the Imperial parliament or Duma assumed control of the country, forming the Russian Provisional Government. The army leadership felt they did not have the means to suppress the revolution and Nicholas II, the last Tsar of Russia, abdicated. The Soviets (workers' councils), which were led by more radical socialist factions, initially permitted the Provisional Government to rule, but insisted on a prerogative to influence the government and control various militias. The February Revolution took place in the context of heavy military setbacks during the First World War (1914–18), which left much of the army in a state of mutiny. A period of dual power ensued, during which the Provisional Government held state power while the national network of...