Math: Mathematics and Pupils

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The Mastery Level on Four Fundamental Operations in Problem Solving Among Grade 5 Pupils in the District of Lagonglong, School Year 2012-2013

A Thesis Proposal
Presented to
The Faculty of the Graduate School
COC- Phinma
Carmen, Cagayan de Oro City

In Partial Fulfillment
of the Requirements for the Degree of
Master of Arts in Educational Administration


February, 2013

Chapter 1
The Problem
Mathematics is one of the most important parts of a child's education, since it can impact every aspect of their later lives, including other subjects they may study in the future, such as astronomy or biology. All of us have encountered numbers because of its importance in the real world. Mathematics plays a vital role in the modernization of this civilization. It is everywhere and affects the everyday lives of people. Nature talks to us in the language of mathematics, that is numbers, mathematical rules and equations help us to make sense of the world around us.(The Book of Popular Science, 2002). According to the New Book of Knowledge, 2006, mathematics is the study of numbers, and counting, and measuring, but that is only the beginning. Mathematics involves the study of number patterns and relationship, too.” It is also a way to communicate ideas and perhaps more than anything. It is a way of reasoning that is unique to human beings. Learning mathematics implies living in the world of numbers knowing its concept and strengthening. Learning the basic concepts of addition and subtraction is the foundation of mastering math. The Four Fundamental Operations are Addition, Multiplication, Subtraction and Division. These four fundamental operations form the basis of the whole study of mathematics and numerical science. These operations form all the other operations that we use in the above specified subjects. So they are called Fundamental Operations because they can't be derived either in the terms of themselves or any other operator..(Research and Development Institute, Inc. 2006) It is important that students will be equipped with the basic mathematical skills specifically on the four basic operations on whole numbers, fractions and decimals and be aware of its importance to one’s life. In the landmark study showing the impact of basic skills on adult earning, Richard Murname and Frank Levy conclude that the mastery of skills taught in schools at an early grade level is an increasingly important determinant of subsequent wages. The skills and knowledge students learn in school is correlated with the success later in life.. Basic skills on fundamental operations in fraction, whole numbers and decimals are very necessary to advance in math. Insisting that master computation skills is not to advocate that they should stop at the basics. Basic skills are a floor, not a ceiling. Students must learn the four fundamental operations so that they can move on to more demanding mathematics. An emphasis on the basics should never be used as an excuse to straightjacket students or to slow their progress in the math curriculum. If students have a firm grasp of the fundamentals of math, he will be able to learn more advanced mathematical processes far more easily. Having good math skills will ultimately save time and reduce the need to need remediation. Fundamentals are needed to move on; not having this foundation will result in more time spent on working things that the student should already know. Early success is the beginning of future success. Since our world is a mathematical world, it logically follows that establishing the simple math skills early on through the heart and desire of the teacher to love and working with it, by doing it one would become an instrument in eradicating number illiteracy in this generation. One of the most common weaknesses of our school children today is ineffective numerical ability. It appears that they are weak not only in fundamental operations such as...
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