1. Do some research on al-Khorezmi (also al-Khwarizmi), the man from whose name the word “algorithm” is derived. In particular, you should learn what the origins of the words “algorithm” and “algebra” have in common. R: / the word “Algorithm” or “Algorism” in some other writing versions, comes from the name Al-Khwarizmi (c. 780-850), a Persian mathematician, astronomer, geographer and a scholar in the House of Wisdom in Baghdad, whose name means “the native of Kharazm”, a city that was part of the Greater Iran during his era and now is in modern day Uzbekistan. He wrote a treatise in Arabic language in the 9th century, which was translated into Latin in the 12th century under the title ‘’Algoritmi de numero Indorum’’. This title means “Algoritmi on the numbers of the Indians”, where “Algoritmi” was the translator’s Latinization of Al-Khwarizmi’s name The word algebra came when a man named Abū ʿAbdallāh Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī, the “father” of Algebra, wrote a book called “Kitab al-jabr wa al-muqabalah”. This roughly translates to “Rules of Reintegration and Reduction”. This work was specifically covering the branch of mathematics we now know as Algebra and was the most notable work on the subject during this period, covering such things as polynomial equations up to the second degree; introducing methods for reduction and balancing; and other such staple algebraic methods.

2. Given that the official purpose of the U.S. patent system is the promotion of the “useful arts,” do you think algorithms are patentable in this country? Should they be? 3. a. Write down driving directions for going from your school to your home with the precision required by an algorithm.

b. Write down a recipe for cooking your favorite dish with the precision required by an algorithm.
4. Design an algorithm for computing _√__ for any positive integer n. Besides...

...Article Review 1
DeGeorge, B., Santoro, A. (2004). “Manipulatives: A Hands-On Approach to Math.” Principal, 84 (2), (28-28).
This article speaks about the importance and significance of the use of manipulatives in the classroom, specifically in the subject of math. Manipulatives have proven to be valuable when used in a math class and are even more valuable to the children when they are young, and are learning new math concepts. Students are able to physically visualize the math concepts and gain knowledge because they understand what they’re learning a whole lot better and they also are able to gain insights on those concepts. Different examples of manipulatives may include counting with beans or M&M’s, using pattern blocks, puzzles, tangrams, and flash cards, just to name a few.
Using manipulatives in a math class are beneficial to both the student and the teacher because the teacher is able to explain the concepts to the students in a much easier manner using the hands-on technique, rather than explaining it verbally. It’s especially beneficial to the student because by incorporating these manipulatives into their learning process, they are able to pick up the concepts much quicker and in a way that they better understand, yet are having fun while doing it. When they have the concepts down, the students’ self-esteem goes up and they feel encouraged to keep on going.
After...

...Muhammad Ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi, The Father of Algebra
Mohammed ibn-Musa al-Khwarizmi was born sometime before 800 A.D. and died after 847 A.D.. His name indicates that he was "Muhammed, son of Moses, father of Jafar, from Khwarizm,". Al-Khwarizmi is described as "…one of the greatest minds of Islam, he influenced mathematical thought to a greater extent than any other medieval writer."
In the year 832, Caliph Al Ma’mun [b. Baghdad, 786, d. Tarsus, Cilicia, August 833] founded the “House of Wisdom” in Baghdad, a center for study and research similar to the earlier Museum in Alexandria. Its most famous scholars were the mathematicians Muhammad ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi and the Banu Musa (“sons of Moses”), three brothers who directed the translation of Greek works from Antiquity.
The modern word algorithm is derived from the name, al-Khwarizmi, the best mathematician of his age, thanks to his book, al-Kitab al-mukhtasar fi Hisab al-jabr w’al-muqabala, (a book showing how to solve equations and problems derived from ordinary life) which means “The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing”, which later evolved into algebra, was the first written text on the subject. In al-Khwarizmi’s time, algebra was a practical system for solving all kinds of problems “in cases of inheritance, contracts, surveying, tax collection, legacies, partition, lawsuits, and trade, and in all their dealings with one another, or where the measuring of lands, the digging of canals,...

...
ANALYSIS
Physics has a lot of topics to cover. In the previous experiments, we discussed Forces, Kinematics, and Motions. In this experiment, the focus is all about Friction. Friction is the force resisting the relative motion of solid surfaces, fluid layers, and material elements sliding against each other. There are several types of friction like fluid friction which describes the friction between layers of a viscous fluid that are moving relative to each other; dry friction which resists relative lateral motion of two solid surfaces in contact and is subdivided into static friction between non-moving surfaces, and kinetic friction between moving surfaces; lubricated friction which is a case of fluid friction where a fluid separates two solid surfaces; skin friction which is a component of drag, the force resisting the motion of a fluid across the surface of a body; internal friction is the force resisting motion between the elements making up a solid material while it undergoes deformation and sliding friction.
When surfaces in contact move relative to each other, the friction between the two surfaces converts kinetic energy into heat. This property can have dramatic consequences, as illustrated by the use of friction created by rubbing pieces of wood together to start a fire. Kinetic energy is converted to heat whenever motion with friction occurs, for example when a viscous fluid is stirred. Another important consequence of many types of friction can be wear,...

...
The case between Beauty and Stylish involves concept of a valid contract, pre-contractual statements, express term and misrepresentation.
A valid contract is established between Beauty and Stylish when an offer is accepted and there is intention for both parties to create legal relations. An offer refers to the expression of willingness of the offerer to be contractually bound by an agreement if his or her offer is properly accepted. It has to be clear and certain in terms. It must also be communicated to the offeree before it is being accepted. In addition, the acceptance has to be unqualified, unconditional and made by a positive act. In the case of Beauty and Stylish, a positive act refers to the signing of the contract. All terms of the offer must be accepted without any changes and cannot be subjected to any condition, taking effect only upon fulfillment of that condition. When Beauty and Stylish enter into the agreement, they must intend to bind and bound legally to each other by their agreement. This is the intention to create legal relations between two parties. In the meanwhile, this contract must possess consideration. A contract must therefore be a two-sided affair, with each side providing or promising to provide something of value in exchange for what the other is to provide.
Every contract, whether oral or written, contain terms. The terms of a contract set out the rights and duties of the parties. Terms are the promises and undertakings given by each...

...Chapter 11
Four Decades of the Defence of
Australia: Reflections on Australian
Defence Policy over the Past 40 Years
Hugh White
The serious academic study of Australian defence policy can be said to have
begun with the publication of a book by the SDSC’s founder, Tom Millar, in
1965. The dust jacket of that book, Australia’s Defence, posed the following
question: ‘Can Australia Defend Itself?’ Millar thus placed the defence of Australia
at the centre of his (and the SDSC’s) work from the outset. Much of the SDSC’s
effort over the intervening 40 years, and I would venture to say most of what
has been of value in that effort, has been directed toward questions about the
defence of the continent. This has also been the case for most of the work by
Australian defence policymakers over the same period. In this chapter I want
to reflect on that work by exploring how the idea of the ‘defence of Australia’
has evolved over that time, and especially how its role in policy has changed,
from the mid-1960s up to and including the most recent comprehensive statement
of defence policy, Defence 2000: Our Future Defence Force.
This is no dry academic question. The key question for Australian defence
policy today is how we balance priority for the defence of Australia against
priority for the defence of wider strategic interests. The starting point for that
debate is the policies of the 1970s and 1980s, which placed major emphasis on
the defence of the continent....

...Yr 10
Mathematics
Assignment
LCR Maths
By Adonis Chigeza
Understanding and Fluency Tasks
Task A
1. y = 1.2𝑥 + 2.57
2. Interpolation: y = -3.43
Extrapolation: y = -8.23
Task B
a) The equation for the path of the ball is h = -0.1t^2 + 0.9t + 1 (h = height, t = time)
b) The vertical height of the ball after 2. seconds2.664m
c) The maximum height reached by the ball is 3.025m
d) The time of with the ball is at maximum height of 3.025 is 4.5 seconds
e) The total time in which the ball was in the air is 10 seconds
f) The two times in which the ball was 1 metre above ground is 0 and 9
Adonis Chigeza 10C
LCR Mathematics
Problem Solving and Reasoning Task
1.
Equation: y = -1.2𝒙2 + 8.4𝒙
a. The bridge is 7 metres wides so therefore it will successfully span the river with 2
metres to spare.
b. If a yacht has a 15 metre mask it will be unable to pass safely under the bridge
because the bridge only has a vertical height 14.7 metres.
Adonis Chigeza 10C
LCR Mathematics
2. Equation: v= -0.2h2 + 2.4h
a. The horizontal distance covered by the rocket when it reached its maximum
height of 7.2 metres was 6 metres.
b. The maximum height reached by the rocket was 7.2 metres.
c. At the horizontal distance of 9 metres from the launch site, there is a 5.2 metre
wall and at that vertical distance, the rocket has a vertical distance 5.4 metre.
That is not taking to account the dimensions of the rocket, however the rocket
cannot have...

...Nicolas, Fatima May D.
2014 45876
My Math Experience
When I was younger math was my favorite subject, it was something that I felt very confident
with. Unlike english, history, and literature, where I had to exert extra effort, math was the only
subject that really came naturally to me. I remember when I was a kid my dad would test me on math questions, usually about lines and figures. What kind of line intersects, what are parallel
lines? I was probably about 7 years of age, and it really impressed family friends when the
answer was correct.
In school, I always did well in math especially basic math, it was simple and it was easy.
Back then, I still have the capacity to help out other students and I was always helping out
friends with their assignments. I always got high grades on tests and I was usually done first
when it came to exams. It was really up until I started high school. Then, algebra happened, since
we didn’t have any lessons given regarding algebra (even the most basic ones) during elementary
I didn’t understand a word the teacher was saying, it was like I was reading a different language.
It was hard at first because I for one like solving problems with numbers but when it started
involving letters I knew I had to work harder because it would be different than what we have ...

...• What were the most revolutionary social and economic developments of the last quarter of the nineteenth century?
• How did different groups of Americans respond to those changes and how effective were their responses?
• What role did government play in these developments?
In the late 1900s some of the most social and economic developments were railroads, steel oil, the type writer cash register, light bulb and agriculture. The development of the railroad made it easier for immigrant to come to this country for work. This meant that there were more group of different races and cultures in America. And in some states there became an over population and city workers like police and garbage men could not keep up with the demand of so many people. Some groups mover to open land for the Homestead Act. They had hope of farming and staying on the land for at least five years as agreed but the supply and demand of agriculture did sustain so many farmer moved off the land well before their five years. The government played many different role I deescalating some issues in American history. Women and children were being worked for long hours and getting paid a little bit of nothing in return for their hard work. So the government put labor laws into place that were to protect women and children. As oil, steel and railroad industries grew so did the levels of pollution. The government again put laws that were to protect animals and the earth so that there would not...