Ronald Inglehart, a researcher and theorist developed two theories to explain value changes in advancing industrial societies. The first is the scarcity hypothesis. This helps to explain and predict how people assign their values. It states that people will long for what they don't have or what is in small supply. The second theory developed by Inglehart is the socialization hypothesis. It states that the pre-adult years are when one's value priorities are constructed. Even critics agree that a person's alignment as a materialist or post-materialist is formed primarily during ones youth. In democratic societies since the Second World War a post-materialist Generations of youth who grow up in materialist households tend to produce post-materialist offspring. This could be because the basic materialist principles such as food, safety, shelter, and economic security were always present and in a stable state during childhood. Since there was never a time during youth when these materialist values were scarce or deficient, they are of less importance and lower priority in the rearing generations. Since some of the more basic aspects of life are filled the youth ponder and assign value in... [continues]
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